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Die Theorie und Praxis zivilgesellschaftlicher Partizipation in lokalpolitischen Strukturen und Entscheidungsprozessen : dargest. am Beispiel der dezentral verwalteten Gemeinde Chimoio, Mosambik

Die Theorie und Praxis zivilgesellschaftlicher Partizipation in lokalpolitischen Strukturen und Entscheidungsprozessen : dargest. am Beispiel der dezentral verwalteten Gemeinde Chimoio, Mosambik

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BUNK, Bettina, 2004. Die Theorie und Praxis zivilgesellschaftlicher Partizipation in lokalpolitischen Strukturen und Entscheidungsprozessen : dargest. am Beispiel der dezentral verwalteten Gemeinde Chimoio, Mosambik

@mastersthesis{Bunk2004Theor-4291, title={Die Theorie und Praxis zivilgesellschaftlicher Partizipation in lokalpolitischen Strukturen und Entscheidungsprozessen : dargest. am Beispiel der dezentral verwalteten Gemeinde Chimoio, Mosambik}, year={2004}, author={Bunk, Bettina}, note={Erscheint auch als: KKM Rundbrief ; 64} }

deu Bunk, Bettina 2011-03-24T10:13:23Z The study departs from the proposition that civil society participation within decentralization strategies can contribute substantially to the combat of poverty in developing countries.<br /><br />The theoretical framework deals with the general concept of civil society participation against its historical background with special focus on the theories of Habermas and Foucault. On this basis the thesis reconstructs the developmental discourse of the concepts of decentralization and civil society participation. They are linked to the central concepts of empowerment, local governance and political culture.<br /><br />The methodology consists of a combination of ethnography and participatory action research. The typology of Plummer (2000) systematizes the various dimensions of the actors and of participation.<br />The empirical part of the study focuses on civil society participation and decentralization in Mozambique, which belongs to the six poorest countries in the world. This is carried out against the background of the specific historical and political constellation of the Portuguese colonial regime, the socialist one-party-state and the democratization process after 1992. In line with more functional aspects, the extent of civil society participation in local political decision-making processes is analyzed, taking the case of the municipality of Chimoio, province of Manica. The study explores, which limits and chances the interaction of civil society with official mandate- and office-holders offers for the improvement of the living-conditions of citizens.<br /><br />The perspectives of the theoretical and the empirical level are contrasted, in order to deal with questions of theoretical ambition and reality as well as the legitimacy and compatibility of the concepts. The study does not only work with the, but also on the theoretical frame. Out of that, the research provides general results and recommendations for the developmental theory and practice. The results shed light on factors that represent the conditions of civil society participation in many municipalities in Mozambique and other developing countries, especially in Sub-Sahara Africa.<br /><br />The research shows, that factors like the distribution of power and political culture play a decisive role for civil society participation. Besides the level of legal prerequisites and the instruments of participation, the level of consciousness has especially to be taken into account. The participation of many societal groups remains too weak without explicit promotion. Participation is hampered and manipulated by the municipal government. It is limited to insufficient information rather than extended to communication, consultation, cooperation or mobilization.<br /><br />The official political decision-makers lack the legitimacy and capacity for service-delivery all the more it is important to give space for civil society action. Informal participation structures have to be taken into consideration as well. The existing, or respectively, the newly developing informal forms of participation, which exist side by side with the municipal government, need to be integrated and made transparent. Disassociated from classical approaches, therefore e.g. (party)political and traditional authorities have to be recognized as part of civil society as well.<br /><br />On the theoretical level the study shows, that an extensional and intentional enlargement of the notion of civil society is needed, in the sense of post-modern approaches. The dichotomist view of civil society as counter-power of the state is inadequate. There are multilayered interrelations. Instead of taking the social and organisational affiliation of actors into account, the criteria for the definition of civil society needs to be established on the basis of their acting in favour of development goals. The Theory and Reality of Civil Society Participation in Local Political Structures and Decision-Making Processes. The Case of the Decentrally Administered Municipality of Chimoio, Mosambik. deposit-license application/pdf 2004 Bunk, Bettina Die Theorie und Praxis zivilgesellschaftlicher Partizipation in lokalpolitischen Strukturen und Entscheidungsprozessen : dargest. am Beispiel der dezentral verwalteten Gemeinde Chimoio, Mosambik 2011-03-24T10:13:23Z

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