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Auf der Suche nach einer europäischen Öffentlichkeit : Inhaltsanalyse der Debatte über eine EU-Verfassung in europäischen Tageszeitungen

Auf der Suche nach einer europäischen Öffentlichkeit : Inhaltsanalyse der Debatte über eine EU-Verfassung in europäischen Tageszeitungen


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ESSER, Sebastian, 2003. Auf der Suche nach einer europäischen Öffentlichkeit : Inhaltsanalyse der Debatte über eine EU-Verfassung in europäischen Tageszeitungen

@mastersthesis{Esser2003Suche-4160, title={Auf der Suche nach einer europäischen Öffentlichkeit : Inhaltsanalyse der Debatte über eine EU-Verfassung in europäischen Tageszeitungen}, year={2003}, author={Esser, Sebastian} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/4160"> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">For some years there has been an intensifying debate in European integration theory on the conception of a transnational public sphere. Generally the existence (or possible development) of such a public sphere is denied. Only a minority of scientists assume that relevant public political communication exists in Europe today. On the other hand, there is broad consensus on the importance of such a public sphere for the exercise of legitimate power by stable, transparent and democratic institutions in the European Union. Only by public discourse will political decisions become accountable, and only by public discourse will collective identities nourish and cultural conflicts be avoided. The speech of the German minister of foreign affairs, Joschka Fischer, at the Humboldt University Berlin on 12 May 2000, marked the beginning of an intense debate on the future of the European Union. In the ensuing discussion politicians from all member states took part. In the mass media the concept of a European constitution was also passionately discussed. Can this debate be regarded as a case of a European public sphere? The paper attempts to answer this question. In the first part the literature on the European public sphere will be reviewed. Three different theory strands of the conception of a European public sphere, which understand the concept of a European public sphere in different ways, are established as ideal types. The liberal mirror model takes on the supervision of European politics by a European public sphere as a conditio sine qua non of a supranational democracy. This is rejected by the pessimist school that considers a European demos as (still) missing. The post-habermasian Berlin school assumes that there already is a sufficient number of communication processes on the European level, which can be characterized as a public sphere. Finally, I will point out some overarching problems of these theories and the literature in general: a meddling of the political and the academic discussion, an orientation towards unrealistic ideal type requirements of public spheres, and a deficit of empirical research. In a second part I will present my own approach. I will promote the argument that important prerequisites for democratic communication in Europe are missing to date. Hence a lack in the development of a European public sphere, I argue. I will suggest the term politics deficit for the lack of transparent political processes that prevent the development of public communication in Europe. The exceptional discussion about a European constitution, started by Fischer's Berlin speech, will be examined as an example of how a European discourse can be produced over substantial political questions, leading to concrete decisions and the strengthening a process of construction of a supranational collective identity. The third part of the paper first shortly sketches the history of the debate, defines the period of investigation and the material examined. Chosen copies of six newspapers from France, Britain and Germany are analysed in a course of roughly seven months. Subsequently, I will advance the computer-assisted content analysis as empirical method and illustrate its theoretical background. Then the research design, the categorical system and the data sources are presented. The data analysis and the documentation of the results of the statistic evaluation are arranged according to the three leading hypotheses and their sub-hypotheses. After the presentation of the general characteristics of the data, I will analyze the hypothesis of the resonance level , the hypothesis of adjustment and the hypothesis of symbolism . As result of the analysis, 19 recapitulatory theses are formulated. Finally I will examine the hypotheses and answer the research question. The investigation leads to the conclusion that the public debate over a constitution for the European Union represents the preliminary stage of a European public sphere. The resonance level of communication is classified and described under all examined publics as European. Besides, only the common perception of a supranational level is missing, but the mutual influences of the publics among themselves point to the fact that it is notably more than an event-dependent communication process between national publics. Thirdly, I find similar attempts in all publics to manufacture a European identity with a common history, a common future and common values. The conclusion offers implications on the possible aftermaths and policy consequences of these results for the further development of the European Union.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:alternative>Looking for a European public shere</dcterms:alternative> <dc:contributor>Esser, Sebastian</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103416863-3868037-7"/> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dcterms:alternative>content analysis of the debate about a EU-constitution in European newspapers</dcterms:alternative> <dc:creator>Esser, Sebastian</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2003</dcterms:issued> <dc:language>deu</dc:language> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/4160"/> <dcterms:title>Auf der Suche nach einer europäischen Öffentlichkeit : Inhaltsanalyse der Debatte über eine EU-Verfassung in europäischen Tageszeitungen</dcterms:title> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T10:12:53Z</dc:date> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T10:12:53Z</dcterms:available> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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