Dissociation Following Traumatic Stress : Etiology and Treatment

Cite This

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

SCHAUER, Maggie, Thomas ELBERT, 2010. Dissociation Following Traumatic Stress : Etiology and Treatment. In: Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology. 218(2), pp. 109-127. ISSN 0044-3409. eISSN 2151-2604. Available under: doi: 10.1027/0044-3409/a000018

@article{Schauer2010-01Disso-41465, title={Dissociation Following Traumatic Stress : Etiology and Treatment}, year={2010}, doi={10.1027/0044-3409/a000018}, number={2}, volume={218}, issn={0044-3409}, journal={Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology}, pages={109--127}, author={Schauer, Maggie and Elbert, Thomas} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/41465"> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dc:contributor>Schauer, Maggie</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">We postulate that the cascade “Freeze-Flight-Fight-Fright-Flag-Faint” is a coherent sequence of six fear responses that escalate as a function of defense possibilities and proximity to danger during life-threat. The actual sequence of trauma-related response dispositions acted out in an extremely dangerous situation therefore depends on the appraisal of the threat by the organism in relation to her/his own power to act (e.g., age and gender) as well as the perceived characteristics of threat and perpetrator. These reaction patterns provide optimal adaption for particular stages of imminence. Subsequent to the traumatic threats, portions of the experience may be replayed. The actual individual cascade of defense stages a survivor has gone through during the traumatic event will repeat itself every time the fear network, which has evolved peritraumatically, is activated again (i.e., through internal or external triggers or, e.g., during exposure therapy).When a parasympathetically dominated ‘‘shut-down’’ was the prominent peri-traumatic response during the traumatic incident, comparable dissociative responses may dominate responding to subsequently experienced threat and may also reappear when the traumatic memory is reactivated. Repeated experience of traumatic stress forms a fear network that can become pathologically detached from contextual cues such as time and location of the danger, a condition which manifests itself as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intrusions, for example, can therefore be understood as repetitive displays of fragments of the event, which would then, depending on the dominant physiological response during the threat, elicit a corresponding combination of hyperarousal and dissociation. We suggest that trauma treatment must therefore differentiate between patients on two dimensions: those with peritraumatic sympathetic activation versus those who went down the whole defense cascade, which leads to parasympathetic dominance during the trauma and a corresponding replay of physiological and dissociative responding, when reminded. The differential management of dissociative stages (“fright” and “faint”) has important treatment implications.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:title>Dissociation Following Traumatic Stress : Etiology and Treatment</dcterms:title> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/41465"/> <dc:creator>Schauer, Maggie</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2018-02-20T07:46:03Z</dcterms:available> <dc:contributor>Elbert, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Elbert, Thomas</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2010-01</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2018-02-20T07:46:03Z</dc:date> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Search KOPS


My Account