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Talking Intervention: Attitudes Towards German Foreign Policy and the Conditional Influence of Emphasis Frames

Talking Intervention: Attitudes Towards German Foreign Policy and the Conditional Influence of Emphasis Frames

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HAACK, Patrick, 2007. Talking Intervention: Attitudes Towards German Foreign Policy and the Conditional Influence of Emphasis Frames

@mastersthesis{Haack2007Talki-4123, title={Talking Intervention: Attitudes Towards German Foreign Policy and the Conditional Influence of Emphasis Frames}, year={2007}, author={Haack, Patrick} }

2011-03-24T10:10:29Z Haack, Patrick eng application/pdf In this thesis, I argue that given the increasing importance of the global media and the relative unwillingness of democratic publics to accept casualties, decision makers have increasingly relied on the creation and dissemination of rhetorical legitimizations of military assignments with the final goal to secure public support. They talk intervention , that is, they justify foreign engagements in terms of moral commitments and an emerging global norm that finds the international community responsible to protect . Adversaries of interventions, in contrast, emphasize the inherent uncertainties and risks associated with such undertakings.<br />Instead of focusing on the societal level or on actors using these frames, I shift the analytical focus to the determinants of frame persuasiveness and provide a psychological explanation of framing effects. Grounded in a microfoundation of framing, the central argument of this thesis states that framing effects can be best understood in an interactionist perspective viewing them as products of both message content and individual-level characteristics. I expect interventionist talking and its counter-rationale to exert some influence on the formation of political preferences, but that the magnitude of this influence will be contingent on personal traits, above all on the individuals degree of political predisposition and political sophistication.<br />I flesh out the notion of the frame contest on intervention using a case study of Germany. A content analysis of the Bundestag debate on the Lebanon intervention identifies the incidence of two contesting frames. One frame, put forward by proponents of the intervention, emphasizes the historical and moral responsibility of Germany to participate in the UN-mission for Lebanon. The other frame, advocated by those against the intervention, highlights the risks of such an assignment and urges abstention from intervening. I refer to the first line of reasoning as responsibility framing and to the second as risk framing .<br />The findings of the content analysis provide the foundation for the construction of a mock newspaper article. The article deals with the possible deployment of German ground troops at the Lebanese-Syrian border. It is devised in different versions which either stress the responsibility or the risk to participate in such a mission, thus mirroring the frames identified in the Bundestag debate. The two versions along with a control version serve as the treatment manipulation in a survey experiment carried out at the University of Konstanz. The statistical analysis of the two outcome variables by means of linear and logistic regression techniques reveals the overall predominance of risk framing which significantly reduces approval of the mission in all analyses. Furthermore, the impact of the risk frame is moderated by political predisposition and political sophistication. In linear regression, dispositional incongruence increases the risk framing effect, and political sophistication dampens the risk framing effect, casting doubt on the adequateness of the belief-weighting account of framing. In contrast, responsibility framing appears to be largely ineffective. Neither the main effects nor the interactions with the moderator variables reach significance at conventional levels. The modeling of a three-way interaction, however, shows that responsibility framing can be effective under certain conditions. In particular, high levels of political sophistication turned out to be a prerequisite for responsibility framing having an impact at frame congruence. Taken together, these findings made clear that the impact of risk and responsibility framing cannot be adequately understood without considering the joint impact of the moderator variables political sophistication and predispositions. 2007 2011-03-24T10:10:29Z Talking Intervention: Attitudes Towards German Foreign Policy and the Conditional Influence of Emphasis Frames Haack, Patrick deposit-license

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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