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Predicting domestic and community violence by soldiers living in a conflict region

Predicting domestic and community violence by soldiers living in a conflict region

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NANDI, Corina, Thomas ELBERT, Manassé BAMBONYE, Roland WEIERSTALL, Manfred REICHERT, Anja ZELLER, Anselm CROMBACH, 2017. Predicting domestic and community violence by soldiers living in a conflict region. In: Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 9(6), pp. 663-671. ISSN 1942-9681. eISSN 1942-969X. Available under: doi: 10.1037/tra0000262

@article{Nandi2017-11Predi-40956, title={Predicting domestic and community violence by soldiers living in a conflict region}, year={2017}, doi={10.1037/tra0000262}, number={6}, volume={9}, issn={1942-9681}, journal={Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy}, pages={663--671}, author={Nandi, Corina and Elbert, Thomas and Bambonye, Manassé and Weierstall, Roland and Reichert, Manfred and Zeller, Anja and Crombach, Anselm}, note={Supplemental Material zu diesem Artikel zu finden unter: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tra0000262.supp} }

2017-12-15T14:19:55Z Zeller, Anja Bambonye, Manassé Crombach, Anselm 2017-12-15T14:19:55Z eng Reichert, Manfred Elbert, Thomas Nandi, Corina Weierstall, Roland Objective:<br />Past research revealed war trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as potential predictors for domestic and community violence in crisis regions and among soldiers in different armed conflicts. The impact of family violence and other adversities experienced in childhood as well as of a combat-enhanced appeal for aggressive behavior (appetitive aggression) remains to be specified.<br />Method:<br />In the present study, the authors separately predicted violence against children, intimate partner violence and community violence in 381 Burundian soldiers returning from foreign deployment and living in a post- conflict region. Using path analysis, they aimed to disentangle the independent contributions and pathways of the following variables: Exposure to war trauma and childhood familial violence, PTSD and depression symptom severity, and appetitive aggression.<br />Results:<br />Childhood familial violence had an independent effect on all contexts of violence and was the only significant predictor for violence against the soldiers’ own children. Intimate partner violence was additionally predicted by depression symptom severity, while community violence was additionally predicted by PTSD symptom severity and appetitive aggression.<br />Conclusions:<br />Besides war-related mental ill-health and appetitive aggression, violent experiences during childhood development must not be overlooked as a factor fueling the cycle of violence in conflict regions. Bambonye, Manassé Crombach, Anselm Elbert, Thomas Predicting domestic and community violence by soldiers living in a conflict region Nandi, Corina 2017-11 Reichert, Manfred Zeller, Anja Weierstall, Roland

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