Consensus decision making in human crowds

Zitieren

Dateien zu dieser Ressource

Prüfsumme: MD5:23e3aafb71e810675c9d4e6e5c12350e

DYER, John R. G., Christos C. IOANNOU, Lesley J. MORRELL, Darren P. CROFT, Iain D. COUZIN, Dean A. WATERS, Jens KRAUSE, 2008. Consensus decision making in human crowds. In: Animal Behaviour. 75(2), pp. 461-470. ISSN 0003-3472. eISSN 1095-8282. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.05.010

@article{Dyer2008-02Conse-39934, title={Consensus decision making in human crowds}, year={2008}, doi={10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.05.010}, number={2}, volume={75}, issn={0003-3472}, journal={Animal Behaviour}, pages={461--470}, author={Dyer, John R. G. and Ioannou, Christos C. and Morrell, Lesley J. and Croft, Darren P. and Couzin, Iain D. and Waters, Dean A. and Krause, Jens} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/39934"> <dc:creator>Morrell, Lesley J.</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">In groups of animals only a small proportion of individuals may possess particular information, such as a migration route or the direction to a resource. Individuals may differ in preferred direction resulting in conflicts of interest and, therefore, consensus decisions may have to be made to prevent the group from splitting. Recent theoretical work has shown how leadership and consensus decision making can occur without active signalling or individual recognition. Here we test these predictions experimentally using humans. We found that a small informed minority could guide a group of naïve individuals to a target without verbal communication or obvious signalling. Both the time to target and deviation from target were decreased by the presence of informed individuals. When conflicting directional information was given to different group members, the time taken to reach the target was not significantly increased; suggesting that consensus decision making in conflict situations is possible, and highly efficient. Where there was imbalance in the number of informed individuals with conflicting information, the majority dictated group direction. Our results also suggest that the spatial starting position of informed individuals influences group motion, which has implications in terms of crowd control and planning for evacuations.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Croft, Darren P.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Couzin, Iain D.</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Dyer, John R. G.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20150914100631302-4485392-8"/> <dc:creator>Waters, Dean A.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Croft, Darren P.</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/39934"/> <dc:creator>Dyer, John R. G.</dc:creator> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/39934/1/Dyer_0-422211.pdf"/> <dc:creator>Krause, Jens</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2017-08-23T09:42:20Z</dc:date> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:contributor>Ioannou, Christos C.</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Krause, Jens</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Waters, Dean A.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Ioannou, Christos C.</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Consensus decision making in human crowds</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Morrell, Lesley J.</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2017-08-23T09:42:20Z</dcterms:available> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/39934/1/Dyer_0-422211.pdf"/> <dcterms:issued>2008-02</dcterms:issued> <dc:contributor>Couzin, Iain D.</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

Dateiabrufe seit 23.08.2017 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

Dyer_0-422211.pdf 24

Das Dokument erscheint in:

KOPS Suche


Stöbern

Mein Benutzerkonto