The dynamics of transmission and the dynamics of networks

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FARINE, Damien R., 2017. The dynamics of transmission and the dynamics of networks. In: Journal of Animal Ecology. 86(3), pp. 415-418. ISSN 0021-8790. eISSN 1365-2656. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12659

@article{Farine2017-05dynam-38940, title={The dynamics of transmission and the dynamics of networks}, year={2017}, doi={10.1111/1365-2656.12659}, number={3}, volume={86}, issn={0021-8790}, journal={Journal of Animal Ecology}, pages={415--418}, author={Farine, Damien R.} }

Farine, Damien R. Farine, Damien R. A toy example depicted here highlighting the results of a study in this issue of the Journal of Animal Ecology that investigates the impact of network dynamics on potential disease outbreaks. Infections (stars) that spread by contact only (left) reduce the predicted outbreak size compared to situations where individuals can become infected by moving through areas that previously contained infected individuals (right). This is potentially important in species where individuals, or in this case groups, have overlapping ranges (as depicted on the top right). Incorporating network dynamics that maintain information about the ordering of contacts (central blocks; including the ordering of spatial overlap as noted by the arrows that highlight the blue group arriving after the red group in top-right of the figure) is important for capturing how a disease might not have the opportunity to spread to all individuals. By contrast, a static or 'average' network (lower blocks) does not capture any of these dynamics. Interestingly, although static networks generally predict larger outbreak sizes, the authors find that in cases when transmission probability is low, this prediction can switch as a result of changes in the estimated intensity of contacts among individuals. [Colour figure can be viewed at]. Springer, A., Kappeler, P.M. & Nunn, C.L. (2017) Dynamic vs. static social networks in models of parasite transmission: Predicting Cryptosporidium spread in wild lemurs. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 419-433. The spread of disease or information through networks can be affected by several factors. Whether and how these factors are accounted for can fundamentally change the predicted impact of a spreading epidemic. Springer, Kappeler & Nunn () investigate the role of different modes of transmission and network dynamics on the predicted size of a disease outbreak across several groups of Verreaux's sifakas, a group-living species of lemur. While some factors, such as seasonality, led to consistent differences in the structure of social networks, using dynamic vs. static representations of networks generated differences in the predicted outbreak size of an emergent disease. These findings highlight some of the challenges associated with studying disease dynamics in animal populations, and the importance of continuing efforts to develop the network tools needed to study disease spread. 2017-05 The dynamics of transmission and the dynamics of networks 2017-05-17T12:52:00Z eng 2017-05-17T12:52:00Z

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