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Dual-tracer-based isotope turnover rates in a highly invasive mysid Limnomysis benedeni from Lake Constance

Dual-tracer-based isotope turnover rates in a highly invasive mysid Limnomysis benedeni from Lake Constance

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Prüfsumme: MD5:33cd54bd37b10767b719cc278e55fac3

YOHANNES, Elizabeth, Karl-Otto ROTHHAUPT, 2017. Dual-tracer-based isotope turnover rates in a highly invasive mysid Limnomysis benedeni from Lake Constance. In: Ecology and Evolution. 7(12), pp. 4173-4178. ISSN 2045-7758. eISSN 2045-7758. Available under: doi: 10.1002/ece3.2928

@article{Yohannes2017-06Dualt-38781, title={Dual-tracer-based isotope turnover rates in a highly invasive mysid Limnomysis benedeni from Lake Constance}, year={2017}, doi={10.1002/ece3.2928}, number={12}, volume={7}, issn={2045-7758}, journal={Ecology and Evolution}, pages={4173--4178}, author={Yohannes, Elizabeth and Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto} }

Dual-tracer-based isotope turnover rates in a highly invasive mysid Limnomysis benedeni from Lake Constance 2017-05-08T13:37:56Z Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto Yohannes, Elizabeth 2017-06 2017-05-08T13:37:56Z Understanding the ecological patterns of invasive species and their habitats require an understanding of the species’ foraging ecology. Stable carbon (δ<sup>13</sup>C) and nitrogen (δ<sup>15</sup>N) isotope values provide useful information into the study of animal ecology and evolution, since the isotope ratios of consumers reflect consumer's dietary patterns. Nevertheless, the lack of species- and element-specific laboratory-derived turnover rates could limit their application. Using a laboratory-based dual stable isotope tracer approach (Na<sup>15</sup>NO<sub>3</sub> and NaH<sup>13</sup>CO<sub>3</sub>), we evaluated the δ<sup>15</sup>N and δ<sup>13</sup>C isotope turnover rates in full-grown adult invasive Limnomysis benedeni from Lake Constance. We provide δ<sup>15</sup>N and δ<sup>13</sup>C turnover rates based on nonlinear least-squares regression and posterior linear regression models. Model precisions and fit were evaluated using Akaike's information criterion. Within a couple of days, the δ<sup>15</sup>N and δ<sup>13</sup>C of mysids began to change. Nevertheless, after about 14 days, L. benedeni did not reach equilibrium with their new isotope values. Since the experiment was conducted on adult subjects, it is evident that turnover was mainly influenced by metabolism (in contrast to growth). Unlike traditional dietary shifts, our laboratory-based dual stable isotope tracer approach does not shift the experimental organisms into a new diet and avoids dietary effects on isotope values. Results confirm the application of isotopic tracers to label mysid subpopulations and could be used to reflect assimilation and turnover from the labeled dietary sources. Field-based stable isotope studies often use isotopic mixing models commonly assuming diet-tissue steady state. Unfortunately, in cases where the isotopic composition of the animal is not in equilibrium with its diet, this can lead to highly misleading conclusions. Thus, our laboratory-based isotopic incorporation rates assist interpretation of the isotopic values from the field and provide a foundation for future research into using isotopic tracers to investigate invasion ecology. Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto eng Yohannes, Elizabeth

Dateiabrufe seit 08.05.2017 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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