Self-esteem change and diurnal cortisol secretion in older adulthood

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LIU, Sarah Y., Carsten WROSCH, Gregory E. MILLER, Jens C. PRUESSNER, 2014. Self-esteem change and diurnal cortisol secretion in older adulthood. In: Psychoneuroendocrinology. 41, pp. 111-120. ISSN 0306-4530. eISSN 1873-3360

@article{Liu2014-03Self--38384, title={Self-esteem change and diurnal cortisol secretion in older adulthood}, year={2014}, doi={10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.12.010}, volume={41}, issn={0306-4530}, journal={Psychoneuroendocrinology}, pages={111--120}, author={Liu, Sarah Y. and Wrosch, Carsten and Miller, Gregory E. and Pruessner, Jens C.} }

Self-esteem change and diurnal cortisol secretion in older adulthood 2017-04-06T09:55:12Z 2014-03 Pruessner, Jens C. Miller, Gregory E. Wrosch, Carsten Wrosch, Carsten Pruessner, Jens C. 2017-04-06T09:55:12Z Liu, Sarah Y. eng Objective<br /><br />Research suggests that self-esteem can decline in older adulthood. This process could remove a buffer that normally protects individuals against distress-related changes in cortisol secretion. We examined this possibility by testing whether change in self-esteem would predict alterations in cortisol secretion, particularly among older adults who reported high levels of depressive symptoms or perceived stress.<br /><br />Methods<br /><br />147 older adults (aged 60+) completed three days of diurnal cortisol measurements at three different time points, namely every two years over a total period of four years. Measures of self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and perceived stress were assessed at T1 and T2. Potential demographic and health-related confounds were measured at baseline (partnership status, SES, mortality risk index, and medication).<br /><br />Results<br /><br />Linear regression models indicated that a decline in self-esteem from T1 to T2 predicted elevated cortisol output (AUC<sub>G</sub>) from T2 to T3, F (1, 137) = 8.09, β = −.25, R<sup>2</sup> = .05, p = .005. Interaction analyses revealed that this association was particularly strong among participants who experienced higher T1 or T2 levels of depressive symptoms or perceived stress, +1 SD: βs = −.34 to −.51, ps < .001, but not significant among their counterparts who reported relatively lower levels of depressive symptoms or perceived stress, −1 SD: βs = .03 to 11, ps > .43.<br /><br />Conclusions<br /><br />Declines in self-esteem represent a mechanism that contributes to higher levels of diurnal cortisol secretion if older adults experience psychological distress. Increases in self-esteem, by contrast, can ameliorate older adults’ cortisol regulation in stressful circumstances. Liu, Sarah Y. Miller, Gregory E.

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