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Acquiring Complex Focus-Marking : Finnish 4- to 5-Year-Olds Use Prosody and Word Order in Interaction

Acquiring Complex Focus-Marking : Finnish 4- to 5-Year-Olds Use Prosody and Word Order in Interaction

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ARNHOLD, Anja, Aoju CHEN, Juhani JÄRVIKIVI, 2016. Acquiring Complex Focus-Marking : Finnish 4- to 5-Year-Olds Use Prosody and Word Order in Interaction. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 7, 1886. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01886

@article{Arnhold2016Acqui-37807, title={Acquiring Complex Focus-Marking : Finnish 4- to 5-Year-Olds Use Prosody and Word Order in Interaction}, year={2016}, doi={10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01886}, volume={7}, journal={Frontiers in Psychology}, author={Arnhold, Anja and Chen, Aoju and Järvikivi, Juhani}, note={Article Number: 1886} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/37807"> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Chen, Aoju</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Järvikivi, Juhani</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Järvikivi, Juhani</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Acquiring Complex Focus-Marking : Finnish 4- to 5-Year-Olds Use Prosody and Word Order in Interaction</dcterms:title> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2017-03-02T07:59:00Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Chen, Aoju</dc:creator> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/37807/3/Arnhold_0-383764.pdf"/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dc:contributor>Arnhold, Anja</dc:contributor> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dcterms:issued>2016</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/37807/3/Arnhold_0-383764.pdf"/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/37807"/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Arnhold, Anja</dc:creator> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/45"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2017-03-02T07:59:00Z</dcterms:available> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/45"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Using a language game to elicit short sentences in various information structural conditions, we found that Finnish 4- to 5-year-olds already exhibit a characteristic interaction between prosody and word order in marking information structure. Providing insights into the acquisition of this complex system of interactions, the production data showed interesting parallels to adult speakers of Finnish on the one hand and to children acquiring other languages on the other hand. Analyzing a total of 571 sentences produced by 16 children, we found that children rarely adjusted input word order, but did systematically avoid marked OVS order in contrastive object focus condition. Focus condition also significantly affected four prosodic parameters, f0, duration, pauses and voice quality. Differing slightly from effects displayed in adult Finnish speech, the children produced larger f0 ranges for words in contrastive focus and smaller ones for unfocused words, varied only the duration of object constituents to be longer in focus and shorter in unfocused condition, inserted more pauses before and after focused constituents and systematically modified their use of non-modal voice quality only in utterances with narrow focus. Crucially, these effects were modulated by word order. In contrast to comparable data from children acquiring Germanic languages, the present findings reflect the more central role of word order and of interactions between word order and prosody in marking information structure in Finnish. Thus, the study highlights the role of the target language in determining linguistic development.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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