Normal Objects, Normal Worlds and the Meaning of Generic Sentences

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ECKARDT, Regine, 1999. Normal Objects, Normal Worlds and the Meaning of Generic Sentences. In: Journal of Semantics. 16(3), pp. 237-278. ISSN 0167-5133. eISSN 1477-4593

@article{Eckardt1999Norma-37778, title={Normal Objects, Normal Worlds and the Meaning of Generic Sentences}, year={1999}, doi={10.1093/jos/16.3.237}, number={3}, volume={16}, issn={0167-5133}, journal={Journal of Semantics}, pages={237--278}, author={Eckardt, Regine} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/37778"> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/37778"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2017-02-28T15:21:02Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">It has sometimes been proposed that generic sentences make statements about prototypic members of a category. In this paper I will elaborate this view and develop an account where generic sentences express quantification about the normal exemplars in a category - here and in counterfactual worlds sufficiently similar to our own. Comparing the account to the currently most widespread analysis which views generic sentences as universal quantifications in carefully chosen best-possible worlds, we find that an analysis that is based on the choice of normal objects does better justice to the data in question than an analysis that relies on a choice of normal worlds alone. A further conceptual advantage of an explicit separation of (a) a choice of best exemplars and (b) a modal component of generic quantification consists in the fact that it highlights that different generic sentences can rely on different kinds of choice of best exemplar. Comparing their logical behaviour, I will demonstrate that we should at least distinguish between normal-generic sentences and ideal-generic sentences. Finally, the paper proves that the account I propose is a modal variant of some recent purely extensional default logics, developed in AL.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:issued>1999</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20150914100631302-4485392-8"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Eckardt, Regine</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Eckardt, Regine</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2017-02-28T15:21:02Z</dc:date> <dcterms:title>Normal Objects, Normal Worlds and the Meaning of Generic Sentences</dcterms:title> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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