Inferring the structure and dynamics of interactions in schooling fish

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KATZ, Yael, Kolbjørn TUNSTROM, Christos C. IOANNOU, Cristián HUEPE, Iain D. COUZIN, 2011. Inferring the structure and dynamics of interactions in schooling fish. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences : PNAS. 108(46), pp. 18720-18725. ISSN 0027-8424. eISSN 1091-6490. Available under: doi: 10.1073/pnas.1107583108

@article{Katz2011-11-15Infer-37442, title={Inferring the structure and dynamics of interactions in schooling fish}, year={2011}, doi={10.1073/pnas.1107583108}, number={46}, volume={108}, issn={0027-8424}, journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences : PNAS}, pages={18720--18725}, author={Katz, Yael and Tunstrom, Kolbjørn and Ioannou, Christos C. and Huepe, Cristián and Couzin, Iain D.} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dcterms:title>Inferring the structure and dynamics of interactions in schooling fish</dcterms:title> <dcterms:issued>2011-11-15</dcterms:issued> <dc:contributor>Ioannou, Christos C.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Katz, Yael</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Tunstrom, Kolbjørn</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource=""/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Tunstrom, Kolbjørn</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2017-02-15T12:59:07Z</dc:date> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Couzin, Iain D.</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Katz, Yael</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Huepe, Cristián</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2017-02-15T12:59:07Z</dcterms:available> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Determining individual-level interactions that govern highly coordinated motion in animal groups or cellular aggregates has been a long-standing challenge, central to understanding the mechanisms and evolution of collective behavior. Numerous models have been proposed, many of which display realistic-looking dynamics, but nonetheless rely on untested assumptions about how individuals integrate information to guide movement. Here we infer behavioral rules directly from experimental data. We begin by analyzing trajectories of golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) swimming in two-fish and three-fish shoals to map the mean effective forces as a function of fish positions and velocities. Speeding and turning responses are dynamically modulated and clearly delineated. Speed regulation is a dominant component of how fish interact, and changes in speed are transmitted to those both behind and ahead. Alignment emerges from attraction and repulsion, and fish tend to copy directional changes made by those ahead. We find no evidence for explicit matching of body orientation. By comparing data from two-fish and three-fish shoals, we challenge the standard assumption, ubiquitous in physics-inspired models of collective behavior, that individual motion results from averaging responses to each neighbor considered separately; three-body interactions make a substantial contribution to fish dynamics. However, pairwise interactions qualitatively capture the correct spatial interaction structure in small groups, and this structure persists in larger groups of 10 and 30 fish. The interactions revealed here may help account for the rapid changes in speed and direction that enable real animal groups to stay cohesive and amplify important social information.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Ioannou, Christos C.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Couzin, Iain D.</dc:creator> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Huepe, Cristián</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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