Mechanical Transgressive Segregation and the Rapid Origin of Trophic Novelty


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HOLZMAN, Roi, Christopher Darrin HULSEY, 2017. Mechanical Transgressive Segregation and the Rapid Origin of Trophic Novelty. In: Scientific Reports. 7, 40306. eISSN 2045-2322. Available under: doi: 10.1038/srep40306

@article{Holzman2017-01-12Mecha-37310, title={Mechanical Transgressive Segregation and the Rapid Origin of Trophic Novelty}, year={2017}, doi={10.1038/srep40306}, volume={7}, journal={Scientific Reports}, author={Holzman, Roi and Hulsey, Christopher Darrin}, note={Article Number: 40306} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2017-02-10T10:04:41Z</dc:date> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Hybrid phenotypes are often intermediate between those of parental species. However, hybridization can generate novel phenotypes when traits are complex. For instance, even when the morphologies of individual musculo-skeletal components do not segregate outside the parental range in hybrid offspring, complex functional systems can exhibit emergent phenotypes whose mechanics exceed the parental values. To determine if transgression in mechanics could facilitate divergence during an adaptive radiation, we examined three functional systems in the trophic apparatus of Lake Malawi cichlid fishes. We conducted a simulation study of hybridization between species pairs whose morphology for three functional systems was empirically measured, to determine how the evolutionary divergence of parental species influences the frequency that hybridization could produce mechanics that transgress the parental range. Our simulations suggest that the complex mechanical systems of the cichlid trophic apparatus commonly exhibit greater transgression between more recently diverged cichlid species. Because (1) all three mechanical systems produce hybrids with transgressive mechanics in Lake Malawi cichlids, (2) hybridization is common, and (3) single hybrid crosses often recapitulate a substantial diversity of mechanics, we conclude that mechanical transgressive segregation could play an important role in the rapid accumulation of phenotypic variation in adaptive radiations.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:issued>2017-01-12</dcterms:issued> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Holzman, Roi</dc:contributor> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Hulsey, Christopher Darrin</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:title>Mechanical Transgressive Segregation and the Rapid Origin of Trophic Novelty</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Holzman, Roi</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Hulsey, Christopher Darrin</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2017-02-10T10:04:41Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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