Explicit and implicit affiliation motives predict verbal and nonverbal social behavior in sports competition

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2014
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Wegner, Mirko
Bohnacker, Vincent
Mempel, Gordon
Teubel, Thomas
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Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014, 15(6), pp. 588-595. ISSN 1469-0292. eISSN 1878-5476. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.06.001
Zusammenfassung

Objectives: The present study investigated the predictive value of the explicit and implicit affiliation motive for social behavior in sport competitions. From an information processing perspective, an explicit motive is linked to verbal cues and respondent behavior. The implicit motive in turn is linked to nonverbal stimuli and operant behavior (McClelland, Koestner, & Weinberger, 1989; Schultheiss, 2008). Both respondent affiliative behavior (e.g., verbal interactions with teammates) and operant nonverbal social behavior (e.g., pleasant to opponents) can be observed in racquet sports team competitions.

Design & Methods: Fifty-two male racquet sportsmen completed the Personality Research Form (explicit affiliation motive) and the Operant Motive Test (implicit affiliation motive). Motive measures were used to predict social behavior during competitions using multiple regression analyses. To this aim real competitive matches were videotaped and analyzed.

Results: Results show that the explicit affiliation motive is associated with time spent in verbal team contact. The implicit affiliation motive, by contrast, is linked to pleasant nonverbal behavior shown toward opponents.

Conclusions: Findings suggest that implicit and explicit affiliation motives predict different kinds of social behavior in sports competition respectively. Indirect motive measures may be of additional predictive value for different behavior in real sports settings.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
796 Sport
Schlagwörter
Affiliation Motivation, Competition, Social interaction, Racquet sports
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ISO 690WEGNER, Mirko, Vincent BOHNACKER, Gordon MEMPEL, Thomas TEUBEL, Julia SCHÜLER, 2014. Explicit and implicit affiliation motives predict verbal and nonverbal social behavior in sports competition. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014, 15(6), pp. 588-595. ISSN 1469-0292. eISSN 1878-5476. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.06.001
BibTex
@article{Wegner2014-11Expli-37143,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.06.001},
  title={Explicit and implicit affiliation motives predict verbal and nonverbal social behavior in sports competition},
  number={6},
  volume={15},
  issn={1469-0292},
  journal={Psychology of Sport and Exercise},
  pages={588--595},
  author={Wegner, Mirko and Bohnacker, Vincent and Mempel, Gordon and Teubel, Thomas and Schüler, Julia}
}
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