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The Environment Makes a Difference : The Impact of Explicit and Implicit Attitudes as Precursors in Different Food Choice Tasks

The Environment Makes a Difference : The Impact of Explicit and Implicit Attitudes as Precursors in Different Food Choice Tasks

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KÖNIG, Laura Maria, Helge GIESE, Harald SCHUPP, Britta RENNER, 2016. The Environment Makes a Difference : The Impact of Explicit and Implicit Attitudes as Precursors in Different Food Choice Tasks. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 7, 1301. eISSN 1664-1078

@article{Konig2016-08-29Envir-35043, title={The Environment Makes a Difference : The Impact of Explicit and Implicit Attitudes as Precursors in Different Food Choice Tasks}, year={2016}, doi={10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01301}, volume={7}, journal={Frontiers in Psychology}, author={König, Laura Maria and Giese, Helge and Schupp, Harald and Renner, Britta}, note={Article Number: 1301} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/35043"> <dcterms:issued>2016-08-29</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:title>The Environment Makes a Difference : The Impact of Explicit and Implicit Attitudes as Precursors in Different Food Choice Tasks</dcterms:title> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20150914100631302-4485392-8"/> <dc:contributor>Schupp, Harald</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Renner, Britta</dc:creator> <dc:creator>König, Laura Maria</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-08-16T13:44:25Z</dcterms:available> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-08-16T13:44:25Z</dc:date> <dc:contributor>Renner, Britta</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Giese, Helge</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/35043"/> <dc:creator>Giese, Helge</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Schupp, Harald</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>König, Laura Maria</dc:contributor> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Studies show that implicit and explicit attitudes influence food choice. However, precursors of food choice often are investigated using tasks offering a very limited number of options despite the comparably complex environment surrounding real life food choice. In the present study we investigated how the assortment impacts the relationship between implicit and explicit attitudes and food choice (confectionery and fruit), assuming that a more complex choice architecture is more taxing on cognitive resources. Specifically, a binary and a multiple option choice task based on the same stimulus set (fake food items) were presented to ninety-seven participants. Path modeling revealed that both explicit and implicit attitudes were associated with relative food choice (confectionery vs. fruit) in both tasks. In the binary option choice task, both explicit and implicit attitudes were significant precursors of food choice, with explicit attitudes having a greater impact. Conversely, in the multiple option choice task, the additive impact of explicit and implicit attitudes was qualified by an interaction indicating that, even if explicit and implicit attitudes towards confectionery were inconsistent, more confectionery was chosen than fruit if either was positive. This compensatory ‘one is sufficient’-effect indicates that the structure of the choice environment modulates the relationship between attitudes and choice. The study highlights that environmental constraints, such as the number of choice options, are an important boundary condition that need to be included when investigating the relationship between psychological precursors and behavior.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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