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Spontaneous symmetry breaking in 2D : Kibble-Zurek mechanism in temperature quenched colloidal monolayers

Spontaneous symmetry breaking in 2D : Kibble-Zurek mechanism in temperature quenched colloidal monolayers

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DILLMANN, Patrick, Georg MARET, Peter KEIM, 2014. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in 2D : Kibble-Zurek mechanism in temperature quenched colloidal monolayers

@techreport{Dillmann2014Spont-34511, title={Spontaneous symmetry breaking in 2D : Kibble-Zurek mechanism in temperature quenched colloidal monolayers}, year={2014}, author={Dillmann, Patrick and Maret, Georg and Keim, Peter}, note={http://arxiv.org/abs/1303.6821v2} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/34511"> <dc:creator>Keim, Peter</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-06-23T12:34:27Z</dc:date> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/34511"/> <dc:creator>Maret, Georg</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Keim, Peter</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Maret, Georg</dc:contributor> <dcterms:title>Spontaneous symmetry breaking in 2D : Kibble-Zurek mechanism in temperature quenched colloidal monolayers</dcterms:title> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20150914100631302-4485392-8"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The Kibble-Zurek mechanism describes the formation of topological defects during spontaneous symmetry breaking for quite different systems. Shortly after the big bang, the isotropy of the Higgs-field is broken during the expansion and cooling of the universe. Kibble proposed the formation of monopoles, strings, and membranes in the Higgs field since the phase of the symmetry broken field can not switch globally to gain the same value everywhere in space. Zurek pointed out that the same mechanism is relevant for second order phase transitions in condensed matter systems. Every finite cooling rate induces the system to fall out of equilibrium which is due to the critical slowing down of order parameter fluctuations: the correlation time diverges and the symmetry of the system can not change globally but incorporates defects between different domains. Depending on the cooling rate the heterogeneous order parameter pattern are a fingerprint of critical fluctuations. In the present manuscript we show that a monolayer of superparamagnetic colloidal particles is ideally suited to investigate such phenomena. In thermal equilibrium the system undergos continuous phase transitions according KTHNY-theory. If cooled rapidly across the melting temperature the final state is a polycrystal. We show, that the observations can not be explained with nucleation of a supercooled fluid but is compatible with the Kibble-Zurek mechanism.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Dillmann, Patrick</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2014</dcterms:issued> <dc:contributor>Dillmann, Patrick</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-06-23T12:34:27Z</dcterms:available> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

Dateiabrufe seit 23.06.2016 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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