Conformity Assessment in Germany

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
ConfAssmt_2008.pdf
ConfAssmt_2008.pdfGröße: 1.51 MBDownloads: 1617
Datum
2008
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
DOI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Konformitätsbewertung in Deutschland (Strukturanalyse und Handlungsoptionen)
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Open Access Green
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Publikationstyp
Working Paper/Technical Report
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Zusammenfassung

The present study was mandated by the Federal Ministry of Economics in 2004 with the objective of drawing up options for a future conformity assessment structure in Germany. It was motivated by the need to gain an overview of the use of conformity assessment in Germany and of its institutional structures, which appeared to be rather fragmented on the level of accreditation and designation. The wish to improve the transparency and the effectiveness of the national conformity assessment system coincided with the efforts at the European level to enhance the implementation of the New Approach directives. Against this background, this study aimed to develop options which would accommodate the European and international guidelines, satisfy the interest of enterprises in economic and effective conformity assessment and take the concerns of the state into consideration in those areas in which conformity assessment was used in a regulatory context. To this end, it was necessary to illustrate the structure of the current system and present the requirements from legal provisions and standards, in particular those of European and international origin.
Thus, the study outlines the foundations of the phenomenon of conformity assessment (first part, first section) and identifies their European and international context (first part, second section). An essential component of the structural analysis was the study of conformity assessment and accreditation in other European countries (first part, third section). From this the study has gained key insights for the evaluation of the German conformity assessment system, the current state of which will be described in the fourth section. Against this background, the advisory opinion in the second part reaches conclusions and recommendations.
The study is based on the analysis of the applicable legal foundations in European and national law, which takes the state of affairs up to 1 March, 2006 into consideration to the greatest possible extent. Furthermore, official documents and other information from the involved actors were analyzed. Particularly fruitful were the talks and interviews with representatives of the responsible ministries, the accreditation bodies and conformity assessment bodies abroad conducted between October and December 2004 and with representatives of the German conformity assessment system conducted in 2005. The former resulted in a short description of the respective conformity assessment and accreditation structures in France, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom which is enclosed in the Appendix. It reflects the state of discussions at the end of the year 2004, i.e. in a rather early phase of the discussion process at the European level. Nevertheless, the description of the legal foundations and the institutional standards should still be valid so that the country reports might still be of interest.
Meanwhile, the review process at the European level has led to the adoption of two horizontal legal acts, Regulation No 765/2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products, and Decision No 768/2008/EC on a common framework for the marketing of products. As the study had been completed in April 2006, it was only possible to take into consideration the results reached up to then. For the English version, references to the horizontal legal provisions in the Second Part of the study have been updated on the basis of the Regulation and the Decision adopted in July 2008. In Germany, efforts are undertaken to restructure the fragmented accreditation system.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache

Die im April 2006 in deutscher Sprache veröffentlichte Studie Konformitätsbewertung in Deutschland war vom Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Technologie in Auftrag gegeben worden mit dem Ziel, Gestaltungsoptionen für eine zukünftige Konformitätsbewertungsstruktur in Deutschland zu erarbeiten. Diese Optionen sollten den europäischen und internationalen Vorgaben Rechnung tragen, dem Interesse der Unternehmen an einer wirtschaftlichen und effektiven Konformitätsbewertung gerecht werden und die staatlichen Belange bei ihrer Nutzung berücksichtigen. Zu diesem Zweck waren die Struktur des deutschen Konformitätsbewertungswesens aufzuklären und die Anforderungen aus Rechtsvorschriften und Normen hierfür darzustellen, vor allem auch jene europäischen und internationalen Ursprungs (zum Inhalt der deutschen Fassung vom April 2006 siehe unter URL: http://www.ub.uni-konstanz.de/kops/volltexte/2006/1933/).
Die englische Fassung der Studie gibt die im ersten Teil des deutschen Textes enthaltene Strukturanalyse des Konformitätsbewertungssystems in Deutschland wieder sowie die aus der Untersuchung der Konformitätsbewertung in sechs anderen europäischen Staaten gewonnenen Erkenntnisse (Frankreich, die Niederlande, Österreich, Schweden, die Schweiz sowie das Vereinigte Königreich). Die Darstellung der Schlussfolgerungen und Empfehlungen des zweiten Teils wurde für die englische Fassung angepasst.
Die Ausführungen reflektieren insgesamt Rechtslage und Diskussionsstand zum Zeitpunkt der Fertigstellung der deutschen Fassung (April 2006). Inzwischen hat der europäische Diskussionsprozess bezüglich der Überarbeitung der Neuen Konzeption zum Erlass zweier horizontaler Rechtsakte geführt, der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 765/2008 vom 9. Juli 2008 über die Vorschriften für die Akkreditierung und Marktüberwachung im Zusammenhang mit der Vermarktung von Produkten sowie des Beschlusses Nr. 768/2008/EG vom 9. Juli 2008 über einen gemeinsamen Rechtsrahmen für die Vermarktung von Produkten. Die Hinweise auf diesen Überarbeitungsprozess, insbesondere in den Schlussfolgerungen und Empfehlungen des Zweiten Teils, wurden entsprechend angepasst.

Fachgebiet (DDC)
340 Recht
Schlagwörter
Neue Konzeption, Globales Konzept, Marktüberwachung, Benannte Stelle, Konformitätsbewertungsstelle, New Approach, market surveillance, notified body, conformity assessment body, Internal Market Package for Goods
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Datensätze
Zitieren
ISO 690RÖHL, Hans Christian, Yvonne SCHREIBER, 2008. Conformity Assessment in Germany
BibTex
@techreport{Rohl2008Confo-3419,
  year={2008},
  title={Conformity Assessment in Germany},
  author={Röhl, Hans Christian and Schreiber, Yvonne}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/3419">
    <dc:creator>Röhl, Hans Christian</dc:creator>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/3419"/>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-23T13:44:51Z</dc:date>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The present study was mandated by the Federal Ministry of Economics in 2004 with the objective of drawing up options for a future conformity assessment structure in Germany. It was motivated by the need to gain an overview of the use of conformity assessment in Germany and of its institutional structures, which appeared to be rather fragmented on the level of accreditation and designation. The wish to improve the transparency and the effectiveness of the national conformity assessment system coincided with the efforts at the European level to enhance the implementation of the New Approach directives. Against this background, this study aimed to develop options which would accommodate the European and international guidelines, satisfy the interest of enterprises in economic and effective conformity assessment and take the concerns of the state into consideration in those areas in which conformity assessment was used in a regulatory context. To this end, it was necessary to illustrate the structure of the current system and present the requirements from legal provisions and standards, in particular those of European and international origin.&lt;br /&gt;Thus, the study outlines the foundations of the phenomenon of conformity assessment (first part, first section) and identifies their European and international context (first part, second section). An essential component of the structural analysis was the study of conformity assessment and accreditation in other European countries (first part, third section). From this the study has gained key insights for the evaluation of the German conformity assessment system, the current state of which will be described in the fourth section. Against this background, the advisory opinion in the second part reaches conclusions and recommendations.&lt;br /&gt;The study is based on the analysis of the applicable legal foundations in European and national law, which takes the state of affairs up to 1 March, 2006 into consideration to the greatest possible extent. Furthermore, official documents and other information from the involved actors were analyzed. Particularly fruitful were the talks and interviews with representatives of the responsible ministries, the accreditation bodies and conformity assessment bodies abroad conducted between October and December 2004 and with representatives of the German conformity assessment system conducted in 2005. The former resulted in a short description of the respective conformity assessment and accreditation structures in France, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom which is enclosed in the Appendix. It reflects the state of discussions at the end of the year 2004, i.e. in a rather early phase of the discussion process at the European level. Nevertheless, the description of the legal foundations and the institutional standards should still be valid so that the country reports might still be of interest.&lt;br /&gt;Meanwhile, the review process at the European level has led to the adoption of two horizontal legal acts, Regulation No 765/2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products, and Decision No 768/2008/EC on a common framework for the marketing of products. As the study had been completed in April 2006, it was only possible to take into consideration the results reached up to then. For the English version, references to the horizontal legal provisions in the Second Part of the study have been updated on the basis of the Regulation and the Decision adopted in July 2008. In Germany, efforts are undertaken to restructure the fragmented accreditation system.</dcterms:abstract>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/3419/3/ConfAssmt_2008.pdf"/>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dc:contributor>Schreiber, Yvonne</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Röhl, Hans Christian</dc:contributor>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-23T13:44:51Z</dcterms:available>
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/3419/3/ConfAssmt_2008.pdf"/>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/44"/>
    <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/"/>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/44"/>
    <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
    <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights>
    <dcterms:issued>2008</dcterms:issued>
    <dcterms:title>Conformity Assessment in Germany</dcterms:title>
    <dc:creator>Schreiber, Yvonne</dc:creator>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Diese Publikation teilen