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Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities affect performance in rule-based and exemplar-based judgments

Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities affect performance in rule-based and exemplar-based judgments

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HOFFMANN, Janina A., Bettina VON HELVERSEN, Jörg RIESKAMP, 2014. Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities affect performance in rule-based and exemplar-based judgments. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology : General. 143(6), pp. 2242-2261. ISSN 0096-3445. eISSN 1939-2222

@article{Hoffmann2014Pilla-33084, title={Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities affect performance in rule-based and exemplar-based judgments}, year={2014}, doi={10.1037/a0037989}, number={6}, volume={143}, issn={0096-3445}, journal={Journal of Experimental Psychology : General}, pages={2242--2261}, author={Hoffmann, Janina A. and von Helversen, Bettina and Rieskamp, Jörg} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/33084"> <dc:contributor>Hoffmann, Janina A.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>von Helversen, Bettina</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-02-22T15:43:28Z</dcterms:available> <dc:creator>Hoffmann, Janina A.</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:title>Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities affect performance in rule-based and exemplar-based judgments</dcterms:title> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/33084"/> <dc:creator>Rieskamp, Jörg</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Rieskamp, Jörg</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2014</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-02-22T15:43:28Z</dc:date> <dc:contributor>von Helversen, Bettina</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20150914100631302-4485392-8"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Making accurate judgments is an essential skill in everyday life. Although how different memory abilities relate to categorization and judgment processes has been hotly debated, the question is far from resolved. We contribute to the solution by investigating how individual differences in memory abilities affect judgment performance in 2 tasks that induced rule-based or exemplar-based judgment strategies. In a study with 279 participants, we investigated how working memory and episodic memory affect judgment accuracy and strategy use. As predicted, participants switched strategies between tasks. Furthermore, structural equation modeling showed that the ability to solve rule-based tasks was predicted by working memory, whereas episodic memory predicted judgment accuracy in the exemplar-based task. Last, the probability of choosing an exemplar-based strategy was related to better episodic memory, but strategy selection was unrelated to working memory capacity. In sum, our results suggest that different memory abilities are essential for successfully adopting different judgment strategies.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

Dateiabrufe seit 22.02.2016 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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