Task-specificity of balance training

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GIBOIN, Louis-Solal, Markus GRUBER, Andreas KRAMER, 2015. Task-specificity of balance training. In: Human Movement Science. 44, pp. 22-31. ISSN 0167-9457. eISSN 1872-7646. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2015.08.012

@article{Giboin2015Tasks-32630, title={Task-specificity of balance training}, year={2015}, doi={10.1016/j.humov.2015.08.012}, volume={44}, issn={0167-9457}, journal={Human Movement Science}, pages={22--31}, author={Giboin, Louis-Solal and Gruber, Markus and Kramer, Andreas} }

2016-01-19T13:53:02Z Task-specificity of balance training Kramer, Andreas Gruber, Markus Kramer, Andreas 2016-01-19T13:53:02Z Giboin, Louis-Solal Despite much research on balance training, it is still unclear whether balance training leads to highly task-specific adaptations or rather non-specific adaptations. Hence, in this study we examined whether balance training increased performance only in the balance task that was trained or also in non-trained tasks. Forty healthy participants (28m 12f, 25±4years, 177±10cm, 73±14kg) were assigned to one of two training groups (TGs) or a control group. Both TGs completed six sessions over 2weeks, only the training device differed. Before and after the training, performance in the trained task as well as in additional untrained tasks was recorded. ANOVAs showed that each TG outperformed the other groups only in the task they had trained (e.g., task trained by TG1: +225% in TG1, only +41% and +30% in TG2 and control, group*time interaction, p<0.001; Untrained task 1: TG1 +48%, TG2 +48%, and control +30%, no significant interaction, p=0.72). In summary, 2weeks of balance training resulted in highly task-specific effects, no transfer even to very similar tasks was observed. Therefore, we recommend identifying and training exactly those tasks that need improvement, and test the efficacy of training programs using specific tests instead of general tests with limited functional relevance. 2015 Giboin, Louis-Solal Gruber, Markus eng

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