High impact : early pastoralism and environmental change during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in the Silvretta Alps (Switzerland/Austria) as evidenced by archaeological, palaeoecological and pedological proxies

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.
Datum
2015
Autor:innen
Kothieringer, Katja
Walser, Christoph
Dietre, Benjamin
Reitmaier, Thomas
Haas, Jean Nicolas
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Silvretta Historica - Kulturgeschichte grenzenlos erforschen und erleben
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Sammlungen
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Supplementary Issues. 2015, 59(2), pp. 177-198. ISSN 1864-1687. eISSN 0372-8854. Available under: doi: 10.1127/zfg_suppl/2015/S-59210
Zusammenfassung

The beginnings of the continuous human presence and of pastoral activities in the high mountainous region of Central Europe have recently become a frequently discussed topic in both archaeology and palaeoecology. In extreme environments such as the high Alpine main ridge and adjacent areas, highly adaptive subsistence strategies were required to exploit natural resources available in the subalpine and alpine zones. Such strategies were determined by changing environmental, social, and economic conditions. To investigate the relationships between settlement dynamics, human impact, and Holocene climatic changes, we studied the valleys of the Silvretta Massif in the central Eastern Alps between the Paznaun (Austria) and Lower Engadine valleys (Switzerland). We are presenting new archaeological, palaeoecological, and pedological evidence of continuous human activities from the Early Neolithic Period to the Bronze Age (~ 5,500–800 BC). This evidence sheds new light on the beginnings of intensified human impact on the high mountainous landscape, i.e. activities beyond Mesolithic hunting along the timberline. Archaeological data suggest a shift in subsistence strategies from hunting to herding at the end of the Neolithic Period (~ 2,800–2,500 BC). While palaeoecological data confirm this trend, they also indicate potentially earlier human and livestock impact through forest clearances by fi re and grazing from about 4,200 BC onwards. In addition to archaeological sites and peat bogs, soils in high-altitude regions prove to be appropriate archives indicating former vegetation cover, shifts of timberline altitudes as well as disturbance of soil formation by human activity such as by slash-and-burn and by livestock grazing.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
930 Alte Geschichte, Archäologie
Schlagwörter
early pastoralism, European Alps, timberline, human impact
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690KOTHIERINGER, Katja, Christoph WALSER, Benjamin DIETRE, Thomas REITMAIER, Jean Nicolas HAAS, Karsten LAMBERS, 2015. High impact : early pastoralism and environmental change during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in the Silvretta Alps (Switzerland/Austria) as evidenced by archaeological, palaeoecological and pedological proxies. In: Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Supplementary Issues. 2015, 59(2), pp. 177-198. ISSN 1864-1687. eISSN 0372-8854. Available under: doi: 10.1127/zfg_suppl/2015/S-59210
BibTex
@article{Kothieringer2015impac-31543,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1127/zfg_suppl/2015/S-59210},
  title={High impact : early pastoralism and environmental change during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in the Silvretta Alps (Switzerland/Austria) as evidenced by archaeological, palaeoecological and pedological proxies},
  number={2},
  volume={59},
  issn={1864-1687},
  journal={Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Supplementary Issues},
  pages={177--198},
  author={Kothieringer, Katja and Walser, Christoph and Dietre, Benjamin and Reitmaier, Thomas and Haas, Jean Nicolas and Lambers, Karsten}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/31543">
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-08-11T12:42:09Z</dc:date>
    <dc:contributor>Walser, Christoph</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Lambers, Karsten</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The beginnings of the continuous human presence and of pastoral activities in the high mountainous region of Central Europe have recently become a frequently discussed topic in both archaeology and palaeoecology. In extreme environments such as the high Alpine main ridge and adjacent areas, highly adaptive subsistence strategies were required to exploit natural resources available in the subalpine and alpine zones. Such strategies were determined by changing environmental, social, and economic conditions. To investigate the relationships between settlement dynamics, human impact, and Holocene climatic changes, we studied the valleys of the Silvretta Massif in the central Eastern Alps between the Paznaun (Austria) and Lower Engadine valleys (Switzerland). We are presenting new archaeological, palaeoecological, and pedological evidence of continuous human activities from the Early Neolithic Period to the Bronze Age (~ 5,500–800 BC). This evidence sheds new light on the beginnings of intensified human impact on the high mountainous landscape, i.e. activities beyond Mesolithic hunting along the timberline. Archaeological data suggest a shift in subsistence strategies from hunting to herding at the end of the Neolithic Period (~ 2,800–2,500 BC). While palaeoecological data confirm this trend, they also indicate potentially earlier human and livestock impact through forest clearances by fi re and grazing from about 4,200 BC onwards. In addition to archaeological sites and peat bogs, soils in high-altitude regions prove to be appropriate archives indicating former vegetation cover, shifts of timberline altitudes as well as disturbance of soil formation by human activity such as by slash-and-burn and by livestock grazing.</dcterms:abstract>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/31543"/>
    <dcterms:issued>2015</dcterms:issued>
    <dc:contributor>Dietre, Benjamin</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/52"/>
    <dc:creator>Haas, Jean Nicolas</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Walser, Christoph</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Kothieringer, Katja</dc:creator>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/52"/>
    <dc:creator>Reitmaier, Thomas</dc:creator>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dc:contributor>Lambers, Karsten</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-08-11T12:42:09Z</dcterms:available>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dc:creator>Dietre, Benjamin</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Haas, Jean Nicolas</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:title>High impact : early pastoralism and environmental change during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in the Silvretta Alps (Switzerland/Austria) as evidenced by archaeological, palaeoecological and pedological proxies</dcterms:title>
    <dc:contributor>Kothieringer, Katja</dc:contributor>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dc:contributor>Reitmaier, Thomas</dc:contributor>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Begutachtet
Diese Publikation teilen