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“That pulled the rug out from under my feet!” : adverse experiences and altered emotion processing in patients with functional neurological symptoms compared to healthy comparison subjects

“That pulled the rug out from under my feet!” : adverse experiences and altered emotion processing in patients with functional neurological symptoms compared to healthy comparison subjects

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Prüfsumme: MD5:ff94699ba9769817f10e7d14f4b26d72

STEFFEN, Astrid, Johanna FIESS, Roger SCHMIDT, Brigitte ROCKSTROH, 2015. “That pulled the rug out from under my feet!” : adverse experiences and altered emotion processing in patients with functional neurological symptoms compared to healthy comparison subjects. In: BMC Psychiatry. 15, 133. eISSN 1471-244X

@article{Steffen2015pulle-31277, title={“That pulled the rug out from under my feet!” : adverse experiences and altered emotion processing in patients with functional neurological symptoms compared to healthy comparison subjects}, year={2015}, doi={10.1186/s12888-015-0514-x}, volume={15}, journal={BMC Psychiatry}, author={Steffen, Astrid and Fiess, Johanna and Schmidt, Roger and Rockstroh, Brigitte}, note={Article Number: 133} }

“That pulled the rug out from under my feet!” : adverse experiences and altered emotion processing in patients with functional neurological symptoms compared to healthy comparison subjects Rockstroh, Brigitte Fiess, Johanna 2015 Steffen, Astrid Schmidt, Roger eng Background<br />Medically unexplained movement or sensibility disorders, recently defined in DSM-5 as functional neurological symptoms (FNS), are still insufficiently understood. Stress and trauma have been addressed as relevant factors in FNS genesis. Altered emotion processing has been discussed.<br /><br />The present study screened different types and times of adverse experiences in childhood and adulthood in patients with FNS as well as in healthy individuals. The relationship between stress profile, aspects of emotion processing and symptom severity was examined, with the hypothesis that particularly emotional childhood adversities would have an impact on dysfunctional emotion processing as a mediator of FNS.<br /><br />Methods<br />Adverse childhood experiences (ACE), recent negative life events (LE), alexithymia, and emotion regulation style were assessed in 45 inpatients diagnosed with dissociative disorder expressing FNS, and in 45 healthy comparison subjects (HC).<br /><br />Results<br />Patients reported more severe FNS, more (particularly emotional) ACE, and more LE than HC. FNS severity varied with emotional ACE and negative LE, and LE partially mediated the relation between ACE and FNS. Alexithymia and suppressive emotion regulation style were stronger in patients than HC, and alexithymia varied with FNS severity. Structural equation modeling verified partial mediation of the relationship between emotional ACE and FNS by alexithymia.<br /><br />Conclusions<br />Early, emotional and accumulating stress show a substantial impact on FNS-associated emotion processing, influencing FNS. Understanding this complex interplay of stress, emotion processing and the severity of FNS is relevant not only for theoretical models, but, as a consequence also inform diagnostic and therapeutic adjustments. Schmidt, Roger 2015-06-25T07:19:19Z Fiess, Johanna Rockstroh, Brigitte 2015-06-25T07:19:19Z Steffen, Astrid

Dateiabrufe seit 25.06.2015 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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