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Engineering of Ribozyme-Based Aminoglycoside Switches of Gene Expression by In Vivo Genetic Selection in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Engineering of Ribozyme-Based Aminoglycoside Switches of Gene Expression by In Vivo Genetic Selection in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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KLAUSER, Benedikt, Charlotte REHM, Daniel SUMMERER, Jörg S. HARTIG, 2015. Engineering of Ribozyme-Based Aminoglycoside Switches of Gene Expression by In Vivo Genetic Selection in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In: DONALD H. BURKE-AGUERO, , ed.. Riboswitches as targets and tools. 1. ed.. Amsterdam [u.a.]:Elsevier, Academic Press, pp. 301-320. ISBN 978-0-12-801123-2. Available under: doi: 10.1016/bs.mie.2014.10.037

@incollection{Klauser2015Engin-31017, title={Engineering of Ribozyme-Based Aminoglycoside Switches of Gene Expression by In Vivo Genetic Selection in Saccharomyces cerevisiae}, year={2015}, doi={10.1016/bs.mie.2014.10.037}, edition={1. ed.}, number={550}, isbn={978-0-12-801123-2}, address={Amsterdam [u.a.]}, publisher={Elsevier, Academic Press}, series={Methods in Enzymology}, booktitle={Riboswitches as targets and tools}, pages={301--320}, editor={Donald H. Burke-Aguero}, author={Klauser, Benedikt and Rehm, Charlotte and Summerer, Daniel and Hartig, Jörg S.} }

Klauser, Benedikt Summerer, Daniel eng 2015-05-22T08:54:17Z Synthetic RNA-based switches are a growing class of genetic controllers applied in synthetic biology to engineer cellular functions. In this chapter, we detail a protocol for the selection of posttranscriptional controllers of gene expression in yeast using the Schistosoma mansoni hammerhead ribozyme as a central catalytic unit. Incorporation of a small molecule-sensing aptamer domain into the ribozyme renders its activity ligand-dependent. Aptazymes display numerous advantages over conventional protein-based transcriptional controllers, namely, the use of little genomic space for encryption, their modular architecture allowing for easy reprogramming to new inputs, the physical linkage to the message to be controlled, and the ability to function without protein cofactors. Herein, we describe the method to select ribozyme-based switches of gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that we successfully implemented to engineer neomycin- and theophylline-responsive switches. We also highlight how to adapt the protocol to screen for switches responsive to other ligands. Reprogramming of the sensor unit and incorporation into any RNA of interest enables the fulfillment of a variety of regulatory functions. However, proper functioning of the aptazyme is largely dependent on optimal connection between the aptamer and the catalytic core. We obtained functional switches from a pool of variants carrying randomized connection sequences by an in vivo selection in MaV203 yeast cells that allows screening of a large sequence space of up to 1 × 10<sup>9</sup> variants. The protocol given explains how to construct aptazyme libraries, carry out the in vivo selection and characterize novel ON- and OFF-switches. Klauser, Benedikt Engineering of Ribozyme-Based Aminoglycoside Switches of Gene Expression by In Vivo Genetic Selection in Saccharomyces cerevisiae 2015-05-22T08:54:17Z 2015 Summerer, Daniel Hartig, Jörg S. Hartig, Jörg S. Rehm, Charlotte Rehm, Charlotte

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