The Shutdown Dissociation Scale (Shut-D)

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2015
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European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 2015, 6, 25652. eISSN 2000-8066. Available under: doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v6.25652
Zusammenfassung

The evolutionary model of the defense cascade by Schauer and Elbert (2010) provides a theoretical frame for a short interview to assess problems underlying and leading to the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder. Based on known characteristics of the defense stages "fright," "flag," and "faint," we designed a structured interview to assess the vulnerability for the respective types of dissociation. Most of the scales that assess dissociative phenomena are designed as self-report questionnaires. Their items are usually selected based on more heuristic considerations rather than a theoretical model and thus include anything from minor dissociative experiences to major pathological dissociation. The shutdown dissociation scale (Shut-D) was applied in several studies in patients with a history of multiple traumatic events and different disorders that have been shown previously to be prone to symptoms of dissociation. The goal of the present investigation was to obtain psychometric characteristics of the Shut-D (including factor structure, internal consistency, retest reliability, predictive, convergent and criterion-related concurrent validity).

A total population of 225 patients and 68 healthy controls were accessed. Shut-D appears to have sufficient internal reliability, excellent retest reliability, high convergent validity, and satisfactory predictive validity, while the summed score of the scale reliably separates patients with exposure to trauma (in different diagnostic groups) from healthy controls.

The Shut-D is a brief structured interview for assessing the vulnerability to dissociate as a consequence of exposure to traumatic stressors. The scale demonstrates high-quality psychometric properties and may be useful for researchers and clinicians in assessing shutdown dissociation as well as in predicting the risk of dissociative responding.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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Shutdown dissociation; assessment; PTSD; multiple trauma; subtype
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ISO 690SCHALINSKI, Inga, Maggie SCHAUER, Thomas ELBERT, 2015. The Shutdown Dissociation Scale (Shut-D). In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 2015, 6, 25652. eISSN 2000-8066. Available under: doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v6.25652
BibTex
@article{Schalinski2015Shutd-30979,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.3402/ejpt.v6.25652},
  title={The Shutdown Dissociation Scale (Shut-D)},
  volume={6},
  journal={European Journal of Psychotraumatology},
  author={Schalinski, Inga and Schauer, Maggie and Elbert, Thomas},
  note={Article Number: 25652}
}
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