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Influence of substrate orientation on feeding kinematics and performance of algae-grazing Lake Malawi cichlid fishes

Influence of substrate orientation on feeding kinematics and performance of algae-grazing Lake Malawi cichlid fishes

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RUPP, Maxwell F., C. Darrin HULSEY, 2014. Influence of substrate orientation on feeding kinematics and performance of algae-grazing Lake Malawi cichlid fishes. In: The Journal of Experimental Biology. 217(17), pp. 3057-3066. ISSN 0022-0949. eISSN 1477-9145

@article{Rupp2014Influ-30745, title={Influence of substrate orientation on feeding kinematics and performance of algae-grazing Lake Malawi cichlid fishes}, year={2014}, doi={10.1242/jeb.105080}, number={17}, volume={217}, issn={0022-0949}, journal={The Journal of Experimental Biology}, pages={3057--3066}, author={Rupp, Maxwell F. and Hulsey, C. Darrin} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/30745"> <dc:creator>Hulsey, C. Darrin</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Rupp, Maxwell F.</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Hulsey, C. Darrin</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-04-15T08:25:42Z</dc:date> <dcterms:issued>2014</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-04-15T08:25:42Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:title>Influence of substrate orientation on feeding kinematics and performance of algae-grazing Lake Malawi cichlid fishes</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Rupp, Maxwell F.</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/30745"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Lake Malawi cichlids have been studied extensively in an effort to elucidate the mechanisms underlying their adaptive radiation. Both habitat partitioning and trophic specialization have been suggested to be critical ecological axes underlying the exceptional diversification of these fishes, but the mechanisms facilitating this divergence are often unclear. For instance, in the rock-dwelling mbuna of Lake Malawi, coexistence is likely tightly linked to how and where species feed on the algae coating all the surfaces of the rocky reefs they exclusively inhabit. Yet, although mbuna species often preferentially graze from particular substrate orientations, we understand very little about how substrate orientation influences feeding kinematics or feeding rates in any group of organisms. Therefore, for three species of mbuna, we quantified feeding kinematics and inferred the rates that algae could be ingested on substrates that mimicked the top, sides, and bottoms of the algae covered boulders these species utilize in Lake Malawi. A number of differences in feeding kinematics were found among species, and several of the kinematic variables were found to differ even within species when the fish grazed from different surface orientations. However, despite their preferences for particular microhabitats, we found no evidence for clear tradeoffs in the rates that the three species were inferred to be able to obtain algae from different substrate orientations. Nevertheless, our results indicate microhabitat divergence linked to differences in feeding kinematics could have played a role in the origin and maintenance of the vast diversity of co-occurring Lake Malawi mbuna species.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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