Detached macroalgae : Its importance to inshore sandy beach fauna

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ORR, Kyla K., Thomas A. WILDING, Lena HORSTMEYER, Simon WEIGL, Johanna J. HEYMANS, 2014. Detached macroalgae : Its importance to inshore sandy beach fauna. In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 150(Part A), pp. 125-135. ISSN 0272-7714. eISSN 1096-0015. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2013.12.011

@article{Orr2014Detac-30247, title={Detached macroalgae : Its importance to inshore sandy beach fauna}, year={2014}, doi={10.1016/j.ecss.2013.12.011}, number={Part A}, volume={150}, issn={0272-7714}, journal={Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science}, pages={125--135}, author={Orr, Kyla K. and Wilding, Thomas A. and Horstmeyer, Lena and Weigl, Simon and Heymans, Johanna J.} }

Heymans, Johanna J. Heymans, Johanna J. Horstmeyer, Lena Wilding, Thomas A. Weigl, Simon Wilding, Thomas A. Kelp forests shed a large proportion of their biomass through storm-mediated defoliation, senescence of kelp blades, and constant erosion of particulate organic matter from the kelp fronds. Much of this detached macroalgae drifts in the water column and is deposited on intertidal zones of beaches. Detached macroalgae may provide inshore sandy beach fauna with refuge and food subsidies in an exposed and bare environment, with limited in situ primary production. We evaluated the relationship between detached macroalgae and the density of inshore fauna, where ‘inshore’ was the body of water extending from low water seawards for approximately 50 m. Inshore fauna were sampled using a push-net (1 mm mesh) on 11 beaches, and using a beam-trawl (4 mm mesh) on a subset of 8 beaches. On each beach, the density of detached macroalgae in the water column was quantified, together with a suite of physico-chemical beach characteristics. Push-net samples principally comprised omnivorous and detritivorous crustaceans such as gammarid amphipods, mysids and valviferan isopods, which have limited swimming abilities and reside inshore year-round. Beam-trawl fauna were mainly carnivorous decapods and fish, which undergo seasonal inshore-offshore migrations to utilize sandy beaches as nursery habitats. Linear models predicted increases of 11% (95% CI: 3.5–19%) and 2.4% (95% CI: 0.7–4.2%) in the density of push-net and beam-trawl fauna, respectively, with a 1 ℓ.100 m<sup>−3</sup> increase in detached macroalgae. This suggests that detached macroalgae is more important in the provision of food and shelter to small, weak-swimming detritivores/omnivores than to larger and more mobile predators. The densities of large predators were mostly explained by physical beach characteristics, which overshadowed the role of macroalgae. Maximum abundances of decapods and fish were found on wide, flat beaches with low wave heights. Large accumulations of macroalgae may inhibit the foraging efficiencies of predatory fauna such as decapods and fish, and restrict their abundance. Orr, Kyla K. Detached macroalgae : Its importance to inshore sandy beach fauna 2015-03-12T15:03:07Z eng Weigl, Simon Orr, Kyla K. 2015-03-12T15:03:07Z 2014 Horstmeyer, Lena

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