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Stress-induced cortisol secretion impairs detection performance in x-ray baggage screening for hidden weapons by screening novices

Stress-induced cortisol secretion impairs detection performance in x-ray baggage screening for hidden weapons by screening novices

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THOMAS, Livia, Adrian SCHWANINGER, Nadja HEIMGARTNER, Patrik HEDINGER, Franziska HOFER, Ulrike EHLERT, Petra H. WIRTZ, 2014. Stress-induced cortisol secretion impairs detection performance in x-ray baggage screening for hidden weapons by screening novices. In: Psychophysiology. 51(9), pp. 912-920. ISSN 0048-5772. eISSN 1540-5958

@article{Thomas2014Stres-29666, title={Stress-induced cortisol secretion impairs detection performance in x-ray baggage screening for hidden weapons by screening novices}, year={2014}, doi={10.1111/psyp.12229}, number={9}, volume={51}, issn={0048-5772}, journal={Psychophysiology}, pages={912--920}, author={Thomas, Livia and Schwaninger, Adrian and Heimgartner, Nadja and Hedinger, Patrik and Hofer, Franziska and Ehlert, Ulrike and Wirtz, Petra H.} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/29666"> <dc:contributor>Hofer, Franziska</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2014</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Hofer, Franziska</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Hedinger, Patrik</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Ehlert, Ulrike</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/29666"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Aviation security strongly depends on screeners' performance in the detection of threat objects in x-ray images of passenger bags. We examined for the first time the effects of stress and stress-induced cortisol increases on detection performance of hidden weapons in an x-ray baggage screening task. We randomly assigned 48 participants either to a stress or a nonstress group. The stress group was exposed to a standardized psychosocial stress test (TSST). Before and after stress/nonstress, participants had to detect threat objects in a computer-based object recognition test (X-ray ORT). We repeatedly measured salivary cortisol and X-ray ORT performance before and after stress/nonstress. Cortisol increases in reaction to psychosocial stress induction but not to nonstress independently impaired x-ray detection performance. Our results suggest that stress-induced cortisol increases at peak reactivity impair x-ray screening performance.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103605204-4002607-1"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Thomas, Livia</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-01-30T09:01:19Z</dcterms:available> <dc:creator>Schwaninger, Adrian</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Wirtz, Petra H.</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Heimgartner, Nadja</dc:contributor> <dcterms:title>Stress-induced cortisol secretion impairs detection performance in x-ray baggage screening for hidden weapons by screening novices</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Heimgartner, Nadja</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Wirtz, Petra H.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Ehlert, Ulrike</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Schwaninger, Adrian</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Hedinger, Patrik</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Thomas, Livia</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-01-30T09:01:19Z</dc:date> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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