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Testosterone reactivity and identification with a perpetrator or a victim in a story are associated with attraction to violence-related cues

Testosterone reactivity and identification with a perpetrator or a victim in a story are associated with attraction to violence-related cues

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WEIERSTALL, Roland, James MORAN, Gilda GIEBEL, Thomas ELBERT, 2014. Testosterone reactivity and identification with a perpetrator or a victim in a story are associated with attraction to violence-related cues. In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 37(3), pp. 304-312. ISSN 1873-6386. eISSN 0160-2527. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.11.016

@article{Weierstall2014Testo-29513, title={Testosterone reactivity and identification with a perpetrator or a victim in a story are associated with attraction to violence-related cues}, year={2014}, doi={10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.11.016}, number={3}, volume={37}, issn={1873-6386}, journal={International Journal of Law and Psychiatry}, pages={304--312}, author={Weierstall, Roland and Moran, James and Giebel, Gilda and Elbert, Thomas} }

Background<br />Recent field research has demonstrated that an attraction to aggressive behavior and cruelty is common among combatants and perpetrators involved in organized violence. The biological basis of this appetitive perception of aggression in humans has to date not been studied.<br /><br />Aims<br />We examined testosterone as a potential hormonal moderator during induction of specifically appetitive aggressive behavior in the laboratory.<br /><br />Method<br />To activate physiological responding related to appetitive aggression, 145 university students (72 women) listened to tape recordings of variants of a violent story. The perspective of the listener in the story was randomized between subjects. Participants were required to either identify as perpetrator, neutral observer, or victim. We assessed changes in saliva testosterone in response to the story. Subsequently, a series of pictorial stimuli (IAPS) with different valence ratings was presented and participants determined the length of viewing time with a button click. This viewing time for negative IAPS was assessed as a dependent variable indicating level of interest in violent scenes.<br /><br />Results´<br />Men identified themselves with the perpetrator more than women irrespective of the particular perspective presented by the story. Men who responded with an increase in saliva testosterone when adopting the perpetrator perspective chose to view the negative IAPS pictures for longer intervals than participants in other conditions or those who did not exhibit a release in testosterone.<br /><br />Conclusions<br />Testosterone moderates attraction to cruel and violent cues in men, as indicated by extended deliberate viewing of violence cues. Moran, James Elbert, Thomas 2014 eng Testosterone reactivity and identification with a perpetrator or a victim in a story are associated with attraction to violence-related cues Elbert, Thomas Moran, James 2015-01-15T15:01:46Z 2015-01-15T15:01:46Z Weierstall, Roland Weierstall, Roland Giebel, Gilda Giebel, Gilda

Dateiabrufe seit 15.01.2015 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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