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Species-specific habitat use of wing-moulting waterbirds in response to temporary flightlessness

Species-specific habitat use of wing-moulting waterbirds in response to temporary flightlessness

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GEHROLD, Andrea, 2014. Species-specific habitat use of wing-moulting waterbirds in response to temporary flightlessness. In: Ibis : the International Journal of Avian Science ; the Journal of the British Ornithologists' Union. 156(4), pp. 850-863. ISSN 0019-1019. eISSN 1474-919X

@article{Gehrold2014Speci-29315, title={Species-specific habitat use of wing-moulting waterbirds in response to temporary flightlessness}, year={2014}, doi={10.1111/ibi.12190}, number={4}, volume={156}, issn={0019-1019}, journal={Ibis : the International Journal of Avian Science ; the Journal of the British Ornithologists' Union}, pages={850--863}, author={Gehrold, Andrea} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/29315"> <dcterms:issued>2014</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:title>Species-specific habitat use of wing-moulting waterbirds in response to temporary flightlessness</dcterms:title> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The choice of the moulting habitat is of paramount importance for wing-moulting waterbirds that have to cope with a flightless period of several weeks. However, some species might have more restricted habitat requirements during moult than others, for example due to a highly specialized feeding ecology. The moult-related habitat use of five species (Gadwall Anas strepera, Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina, Common Pochard Aythya ferina, Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula, Coot Fulica atra) was compared at a European inland moulting site that offered a variety of water bodies characterized by different levels of nutrient concentration, water depth, shoreline vegetation density and disturbance. To determine location- and species-specific densities, birds were regularly counted throughout the moulting seasons of 2010 and 2011. In 2011, additional data on Gadwalls were used to assess differences in requirements between the flightless phase of moult and the periods before and after. Furthermore, habitat choice of 38 tagged Gadwalls was compared among two to four successive years. During the moulting season, all species showed clear preferences for specific levels of nutrient content, suggesting an active choice of suitable food sources in both food specialists and generalists. Species showing the strongest attachment to shallow water (Gadwall and Coot) were most sensitive to human disturbance and increasing water depths, and species averse to diving (Gadwall) used ponds with dense shore vegetation while flightless. For Gadwalls, habitat conditions rather than nutrient supply became increasingly important during the flightless phase. Average return rates of 59 and 54% were recorded for male and female Gadwalls, respectively, and the repeated use of familiar locations could be demonstrated in the majority of returning birds (65%). Familiarity with the habitat apparently plays an important role and may enable individuals to compensate for suboptimal conditions at the moulting site.</dcterms:abstract> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/29315"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-11-26T10:19:13Z</dcterms:available> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-11-26T10:19:13Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Gehrold, Andrea</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Gehrold, Andrea</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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