Functionally relevant diversity of closely related Nitrospira in activated sludge


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GRUBER-DORNINGER, Christiane, Michael PESTER, Katharina KITZINGER, Domenico F SAVIO, Alexander LOY, Thomas RATTEI, Michael WAGNER, Holger DAIMS, 2014. Functionally relevant diversity of closely related Nitrospira in activated sludge. In: The ISME Journal. ISSN 1751-7362. eISSN 1751-7370. Available under: doi: 10.1038/ismej.2014.156

@article{GruberDorninger2014Funct-29219, title={Functionally relevant diversity of closely related Nitrospira in activated sludge}, year={2014}, doi={10.1038/ismej.2014.156}, issn={1751-7362}, journal={The ISME Journal}, author={Gruber-Dorninger, Christiane and Pester, Michael and Kitzinger, Katharina and Savio, Domenico F and Loy, Alexander and Rattei, Thomas and Wagner, Michael and Daims, Holger} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dc:creator>Loy, Alexander</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Pester, Michael</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Wagner, Michael</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Kitzinger, Katharina</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Rattei, Thomas</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Rattei, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dcterms:title>Functionally relevant diversity of closely related Nitrospira in activated sludge</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Daims, Holger</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Nitrospira are chemolithoautotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacteria that catalyze the second step of nitrification in most oxic habitats and are important for excess nitrogen removal from sewage in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). To date, little is known about their diversity and ecological niche partitioning within complex communities. In this study, the fine-scale community structure and function of Nitrospira was analyzed in two full-scale WWTPs as model ecosystems. In Nitrospira-specific 16S rRNA clone libraries retrieved from each plant, closely related phylogenetic clusters (16S rRNA identities between clusters ranged from 95.8% to 99.6%) within Nitrospira lineages I and II were found. Newly designed probes for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) allowed the specific detection of several of these clusters, whose coexistence in the WWTPs was shown for prolonged periods of several years. In situ ecophysiological analyses based on FISH, relative abundance and spatial arrangement quantification, as well as microautoradiography revealed functional differences of these Nitrospira clusters regarding the preferred nitrite concentration, the utilization of formate as substrate and the spatial coaggregation with ammonia-oxidizing bacteria as symbiotic partners. Amplicon pyrosequencing of the nxrB gene, which encodes subunit beta of nitrite oxidoreductase of Nitrospira, revealed in one of the WWTPs as many as 121 species-level nxrB operational taxonomic units with highly uneven relative abundances in the amplicon library. These results show a previously unrecognized high diversity of Nitrospira in engineered systems, which is at least partially linked to niche differentiation and may have important implications for process stability.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Kitzinger, Katharina</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Daims, Holger</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2014</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Gruber-Dorninger, Christiane</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Wagner, Michael</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Gruber-Dorninger, Christiane</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Pester, Michael</dc:contributor> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2014-11-05T16:00:54Z</dcterms:available> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2014-11-05T16:00:54Z</dc:date> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Savio, Domenico F</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Savio, Domenico F</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Loy, Alexander</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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