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Differing Daphnia magna assimilation efficiencies for terrestrial, bacterial, and algal carbon and fatty acids

Differing Daphnia magna assimilation efficiencies for terrestrial, bacterial, and algal carbon and fatty acids

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TAIPALE, Sami J., Michael T. BRETT, Martin W. HAHN, Dominik MARTIN-CREUZBURG, Sean YEUNG, Minna HILTUNEN, Ursula STRANDBERG, Paula KANKAALA, 2014. Differing Daphnia magna assimilation efficiencies for terrestrial, bacterial, and algal carbon and fatty acids. In: Ecology. 95(2), pp. 563-576. ISSN 0012-9658

@article{Taipale2014Diffe-28505, title={Differing Daphnia magna assimilation efficiencies for terrestrial, bacterial, and algal carbon and fatty acids}, year={2014}, doi={10.1890/13-0650.1}, number={2}, volume={95}, issn={0012-9658}, journal={Ecology}, pages={563--576}, author={Taipale, Sami J. and Brett, Michael T. and Hahn, Martin W. and Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik and Yeung, Sean and Hiltunen, Minna and Strandberg, Ursula and Kankaala, Paula} }

There is considerable interest in the pathways by which carbon and growth-limiting elemental and biochemical nutrients are supplied to upper trophic levels. Fatty acids and sterols are among the most important molecules transferred across the plant–animal interface of food webs. In lake ecosystems, in addition to phytoplankton, bacteria and terrestrial organic matter are potential trophic resources for zooplankton, especially in those receiving high terrestrial organic matter inputs. We therefore tested carbon, nitrogen, and fatty acid assimilation by the crustacean Daphnia magna when consuming these resources. We fed Daphnia with monospecific diets of high-quality (Cryptomonas marssonii) and intermediate-quality (Chlamydomonas sp. and Scenedesmus gracilis) phytoplankton species, two heterotrophic bacterial strains, and particles from the globally dispersed riparian grass, Phragmites australis, representing terrestrial particulate organic carbon (t-POC). We also fed Daphnia with various mixed diets, and compared Daphnia fatty acid, carbon, and nitrogen assimilation across treatments. Our results suggest that bacteria were nutritionally inadequate diets because they lacked sterols and polyunsaturated omega-3 and omega-6 (ω-3 and ω-6) fatty acids (PUFAs). However, Daphnia were able to effectively use carbon and nitrogen from Actinobacteria, if their basal needs for essential fatty acids and sterols were met by phytoplankton. In contrast to bacteria, t-POC contained sterols and ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids, but only at 22%, 1.4%, and 0.2% of phytoplankton levels, respectively, which indicated that t-POC food quality was especially restricted with regard to ω-3 PUFAs. Our results also showed higher assimilation of carbon than fatty acids from t-POC and bacteria into Daphnia, based on stable-isotope and fatty acids analysis, respectively. A relatively high (>20%) assimilation of carbon and fatty acids from t-POC was observed only when the proportion of t-POC was >60%, but due to low PUFA to carbon ratio, these conditions yielded poor Daphnia growth. Because of lower assimilation for carbon, nitrogen, and fatty acids from t-POC relative to diets of bacteria mixed with phytoplankton, we conclude that the microbial food web, supported by phytoplankton, and not direct t-POC consumption, may support zooplankton production. Our results suggest that terrestrial particulate organic carbon poorly supports upper trophic levels of the lakes. Yeung, Sean Hahn, Martin W. deposit-license Hahn, Martin W. Ecology : a publication of the Ecological Society of America ; 95 (2014), 2. - S. 563-576 Hiltunen, Minna Taipale, Sami J. eng 2014-07-24T07:34:58Z Hiltunen, Minna Kankaala, Paula Yeung, Sean Kankaala, Paula Differing Daphnia magna assimilation efficiencies for terrestrial, bacterial, and algal carbon and fatty acids Strandberg, Ursula Brett, Michael T. 2014-07-24T07:34:58Z Strandberg, Ursula 2014 Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik Brett, Michael T. Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik Taipale, Sami J.

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