KOPS - Das Institutionelle Repositorium der Universität Konstanz

Current Obstacles in Replicating Risk Assessment Findings : A Systematic Review of Commonly Used Actuarial Instruments

Current Obstacles in Replicating Risk Assessment Findings : A Systematic Review of Commonly Used Actuarial Instruments

Zitieren

Dateien zu dieser Ressource

Dateien Größe Format Anzeige

Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.

ROSSEGGER, Astrid, Juliane GERTH, Katharina SEEWALD, Frank URBANIOK, Jay P. SINGH, Jérôme ENDRASS, 2013. Current Obstacles in Replicating Risk Assessment Findings : A Systematic Review of Commonly Used Actuarial Instruments. In: Behavioral Sciences & the Law. 31(1), pp. 154-164. ISSN 0735-3936. eISSN 1099-0798. Available under: doi: 10.1002/bsl.2044

@article{Rossegger2013-01Curre-28128, title={Current Obstacles in Replicating Risk Assessment Findings : A Systematic Review of Commonly Used Actuarial Instruments}, year={2013}, doi={10.1002/bsl.2044}, number={1}, volume={31}, issn={0735-3936}, journal={Behavioral Sciences & the Law}, pages={154--164}, author={Rossegger, Astrid and Gerth, Juliane and Seewald, Katharina and Urbaniok, Frank and Singh, Jay P. and Endrass, Jérôme} }

Endrass, Jérôme Gerth, Juliane An actuarial risk assessment instrument can be considered valid if independent investigations using novel samples can replicate the findings of the instrument's development study. In order for a study to qualify as a replication, it has to adhere to the methodological protocol of the development study with respect to key design characteristics, as well as ensuring that manual-recommended guidelines of test administration have been followed.<br /><br /><br /><br />A systematic search was conducted to identify predictive validity studies (N = 84) on three commonly used actuarial instruments: the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG), the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG), and the Static-99. Sample (sex, age, criminal history) and design (follow-up, attrition, recidivism) characteristics, as well as markers of assessment integrity (scoring reliability, item omissions, prorating procedure), were extracted from 84 studies comprising 108 samples.<br /><br /><br /><br />None of the replications matched the development study of the instrument they were attempting to cross-validate with respect to key sample and design characteristics. Furthermore none of the replications strictly followed the manual-recommended guidelines for the instruments’ administration.<br /><br /><br /><br />Additional replication studies that follow the methodological protocols outlined in actuarial instruments’ development studies are needed before claims of generalizability can be made. Urbaniok, Frank Seewald, Katharina Singh, Jay P. 2014-06-25T10:12:43Z 2013-01 Rossegger, Astrid Endrass, Jérôme eng 2014-06-25T10:12:43Z Urbaniok, Frank Gerth, Juliane Rossegger, Astrid Seewald, Katharina Singh, Jay P. Current Obstacles in Replicating Risk Assessment Findings : A Systematic Review of Commonly Used Actuarial Instruments Behavioral Sciences & the Law ; 31 (2013), 1. - S. 154-164 deposit-license

Das Dokument erscheint in:

KOPS Suche


Stöbern

Mein Benutzerkonto