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Gender and offender status predicting treatment success in refugees and asylum seekers with PTSD

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Gender and offender status predicting treatment success in refugees and asylum seekers with PTSD

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STENMARK, Håkon, Ismail Cuneyt GUZEY, Thomas ELBERT, Are HOLEN, 2014. Gender and offender status predicting treatment success in refugees and asylum seekers with PTSD. In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 5(1), 20803. ISSN 2000-8198. eISSN 2000-8066. Available under: doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v5.20803

@article{Stenmark2014Gende-28123, title={Gender and offender status predicting treatment success in refugees and asylum seekers with PTSD}, year={2014}, doi={10.3402/ejpt.v5.20803}, number={1}, volume={5}, issn={2000-8198}, journal={European Journal of Psychotraumatology}, author={Stenmark, Håkon and Guzey, Ismail Cuneyt and Elbert, Thomas and Holen, Are}, note={Article Number: 20803} }

Attribution 4.0 International Holen, Are Elbert, Thomas European journal of psychotraumatology ; 5 (2014). - 20803 2014-06-16T13:42:11Z Guzey, Ismail Cuneyt 2014-06-16T13:42:11Z Guzey, Ismail Cuneyt Stenmark, Håkon eng Stenmark, Håkon Background:<br />Current knowledge is limited regarding patient characteristics related to treatment outcome of posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) in refugees and asylum seekers.<br /><br />Objective:<br />Gender, torture status, offender status, level of anger, and level of depression were investigated for possible effects on the treatment outcome.<br /><br />lum seekers who had completed a treatment program for PTSD. Non-responders (10), those who had the same or higher levels of symptom severity after treatment, were compared with responders, those who had lower symptom severity after treatment (44). Symptom severity was measured by Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. The non-responders and responders constituted the dichotomous, dependent variable. The independent variables were gender, torture status, offender status, level of anger, and level of depression. T-tests and Exact Unconditional Homogeneity/Independence Tests for 2X2 Tables were used to study the relationship to treatment outcome.<br /><br />Results:<br />Being male and reporting to have been a violent offender were significantly more frequent characteristics among the non-responders compared to the responders. The levels of pretreatment anger, depression and torture status did not affect the treatment outcome.<br /><br />Conclusions:<br />The study adds support to findings that females benefit more from treatment of PTSD than males and that violent offenders are difficult to treat within the standard treatment programs. 2014 Gender and offender status predicting treatment success in refugees and asylum seekers with PTSD Holen, Are Elbert, Thomas

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