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Repetitive hops induce postactivation potentiation in triceps surae as well as an increase in the jump height of subsequent maximal drop jumps

Repetitive hops induce postactivation potentiation in triceps surae as well as an increase in the jump height of subsequent maximal drop jumps

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BERGMANN, Julian, Andreas KRAMER, Markus GRUBER, 2013. Repetitive hops induce postactivation potentiation in triceps surae as well as an increase in the jump height of subsequent maximal drop jumps. In: PLoS ONE. 8(10), e77705. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077705

@article{Bergmann2013Repet-27028, title={Repetitive hops induce postactivation potentiation in triceps surae as well as an increase in the jump height of subsequent maximal drop jumps}, year={2013}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0077705}, number={10}, volume={8}, journal={PLoS ONE}, author={Bergmann, Julian and Kramer, Andreas and Gruber, Markus}, note={Article Number: e77705} }

Bergmann, Julian 2014-03-14T12:17:10Z Kramer, Andreas Bergmann, Julian Postactivation potentiation (PAP) has been defined as the increase in twitch torque after a conditioning contraction. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of hops as conditioning contractions to induce PAP and increase performance in subsequent maximal drop jumps. In addition, we wanted to test if and how PAP can contribute to increases in drop jump rebound height. Twelve participants performed 10 maximal two-legged hops as conditioning contractions. Twitch peak torques of triceps surae muscles were recorded before and after the conditioning hops. Then, subjects performed drop jumps with and without 10 conditioning hops before each drop jump. Recordings included ground reaction forces, ankle and knee angles and electromyographic activity in five leg muscles. In addition, efferent motoneuronal output during ground contact was estimated with V-wave stimulation. The analyses showed that after the conditioning hops, twitch peak torques of triceps surae muscles were 32% higher compared to baseline values (P < 0.01). Drop jumps performed after conditioning hops were significantly higher (12%, P < 0.05), but V-waves and EMG activity remained unchanged. The amount of PAP and the change in drop jump rebound height were positively correlated (r<sup>2</sup> = 0.26, P < 0.05). These results provide evidence for PAP in triceps surae muscles induced by a bout of hops and indicate that PAP can contribute to the observed performance enhancements in subsequent drop jumps. The lack of change in EMG activity and V-wave amplitude suggests that the underlying mechanisms are more likely intramuscular than neural in origin. 2013 2014-03-14T12:17:10Z deposit-license eng Gruber, Markus Kramer, Andreas Gruber, Markus Repetitive hops induce postactivation potentiation in triceps surae as well as an increase in the jump height of subsequent maximal drop jumps PLoS ONE ; 8 (2013), 10. - e77705

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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