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Effects of Implementation Intentions on Anxiety, Perceived Proximity, and Motor Performance

Effects of Implementation Intentions on Anxiety, Perceived Proximity, and Motor Performance

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STERN, Chadly, Shana COLE, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, Gabriele OETTINGEN, Emily BALCETIS, 2013. Effects of Implementation Intentions on Anxiety, Perceived Proximity, and Motor Performance. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 39(5), pp. 623-635. ISSN 0146-1672. eISSN 1552-7433. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0146167213479612

@article{Stern2013-05Effec-26297, title={Effects of Implementation Intentions on Anxiety, Perceived Proximity, and Motor Performance}, year={2013}, doi={10.1177/0146167213479612}, number={5}, volume={39}, issn={0146-1672}, journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin}, pages={623--635}, author={Stern, Chadly and Cole, Shana and Gollwitzer, Peter M. and Oettingen, Gabriele and Balcetis, Emily} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/26297"> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin ; 39 (2013), 5. - S. 623-635</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-02-07T09:17:32Z</dc:date> <dc:contributor>Balcetis, Emily</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dc:creator>Cole, Shana</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Oettingen, Gabriele</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-02-07T09:17:32Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:title>Effects of Implementation Intentions on Anxiety, Perceived Proximity, and Motor Performance</dcterms:title> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/26297"/> <dc:contributor>Cole, Shana</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/"/> <dc:creator>Balcetis, Emily</dc:creator> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dc:creator>Stern, Chadly</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:creator> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/26297/2/Stern_262978.pdf"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Stern, Chadly</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/26297/2/Stern_262978.pdf"/> <dcterms:issued>2013-05</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Oettingen, Gabriele</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Anxiety leads to exaggerated perceptions of distance, which may impair performance on a physical task. In two studies, we tested one strategy to reduce anxiety and induce perceived proximity to increase performance. We predicted implementation intentions that reduce anxiety would increase perceived visual proximity to goal-relevant targets, which would indirectly improve performance. In two studies, we induced performance anxiety on a physical task. Participants who formed implementation intentions to reduce anxiety perceived goal-relevant targets (e.g., golf hole, dartboard) as physically closer and performed better than both participants without a strategy (Study 1) and participants with only a goal to regulate anxiety (Study 2). Furthermore, perceived proximity improved performance indirectly by increasing subjective task ease (Study 2). Results suggest that implementation intentions can reduce anxiety and lead to perceived proximity of goal-relevant targets, which helps perceivers make progress on goals.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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