Asking "why" helps action control by goals but not plans

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WIEBER, Frank, Lisa A. SEZER, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2013. Asking "why" helps action control by goals but not plans. In: Motivation and Emotion. 38(1), pp. 65-78. ISSN 0146-7239. eISSN 1573-6644

@article{Wieber2013Askin-26276, title={Asking "why" helps action control by goals but not plans}, year={2013}, doi={10.1007/s11031-013-9364-3}, number={1}, volume={38}, issn={0146-7239}, journal={Motivation and Emotion}, pages={65--78}, author={Wieber, Frank and Sezer, Lisa A. and Gollwitzer, Peter M.} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/26276"> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-02-26T13:37:12Z</dcterms:available> <dc:contributor>Sezer, Lisa A.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Sezer, Lisa A.</dc:creator> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dcterms:title>Asking "why" helps action control by goals but not plans</dcterms:title> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103605204-4002607-1"/> <dc:contributor>Wieber, Frank</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Wieber, Frank</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2013</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-02-26T13:37:12Z</dc:date> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/26276"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The present research investigated whether asking “why” concerning the pursuit of one goal can affect the subsequent pursuit of a previously chosen goal. Asking “why” should activate cognitive procedures involving deliberation over the pros and cons of a goal (why-mindset). This mode of thinking should spill over to subsequently pursued goals, with different consequences for goal striving guided by goal intentions and for goal striving guided by implementation intentions (if-then plans). As goal intentions guide behavior by effortful top-down action control processes motivated by the expected value of the desired outcomes, being in a why-mindset should induce defensive postdecisional deliberation and thereby promote goal pursuit. In contrast, implementation intentions guide behavior by automatic bottom-up action control processes triggered by the specified situational cues; in this case, being in a why-mindset should eliminate the effects implementation intentions have on goal pursuit. Performance on a handgrip self-control task (Study 1) as well as on a dual-task (simultaneous go/no-go task and tracking tasks; Study 2) supported these predictions: why-mindsets reinforced goal intention effects and impaired implementation intention effects on handgrip and dual-task performance. Implications for effective goal striving are discussed.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Motivation and Emotion ; 38 (2014), 1. - S. 65-78</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:contributor>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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