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Air-permeable hole-pattern and nose-droop control improve aerodynamic performance of primary feathers.

Air-permeable hole-pattern and nose-droop control improve aerodynamic performance of primary feathers.

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EDER, Heinrich, Wolfgang FIEDLER, Xaver PASCOE, 2011. Air-permeable hole-pattern and nose-droop control improve aerodynamic performance of primary feathers.. In: Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 197(1), pp. 109-117. ISSN 0340-7594. eISSN 1432-1351. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00359-010-0592-7

@article{Eder2011-01Airpe-25863, title={Air-permeable hole-pattern and nose-droop control improve aerodynamic performance of primary feathers.}, year={2011}, doi={10.1007/s00359-010-0592-7}, number={1}, volume={197}, issn={0340-7594}, journal={Journal of Comparative Physiology A}, pages={109--117}, author={Eder, Heinrich and Fiedler, Wolfgang and Pascoe, Xaver} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/25863"> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Eder, Heinrich</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Fiedler, Wolfgang</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2011-01</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-08-03T17:46:51Z</dc:date> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-08-03T17:46:51Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/"/> <dc:contributor>Fiedler, Wolfgang</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Pascoe, Xaver</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Air-permeable hole-pattern and nose-droop control improve aerodynamic performance of primary feathers.</dcterms:title> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Pascoe, Xaver</dc:contributor> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Journal of comparative physiology. A, neuroethology, sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology ; 197(2011),1. - S. 109 - 117</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:creator>Eder, Heinrich</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/25863"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Primary feathers of soaring land birds have evolved into highly specialized flight feathers characterized by morphological improvements affecting aerodynamic performance. The foremost feathers in the cascade have to bear high lift-loading with a strong bending during soaring flight. A challenge to the study of feather aerodynamics is to understand how the observed low drag and high lift values in the Reynolds (Re) regime from 1.0 to 2.0E4 can be achieved. Computed micro-tomography images show that the feather responds to high lift-loading with an increasing nose-droop and profile-camber. Wind-tunnel tests conducted with the foremost primary feather of a White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) at Re = 1.8E4 indicated a surprisingly high maximum lift coefficient of 1.5 and a glide ratio of nearly 10. We present evidence that this is due to morphologic characteristics formed by the cristae dorsales as well as air-permeable arrays along the rhachis. Measurements of lift and drag forces with open and closed pores confirmed the efficiency of this mechanism. Porous structures facilitate a blow out, comparable to technical blow-hole turbulators for sailplanes and low speed turbine-blades. From our findings, we conclude that the mechanism has evolved in order to affect the boundary layer and to reduce aerodynamic drag of the feather.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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