Damage to ventral and dorsal language pathways in acute aphasia


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KÜMMERER, Dorothee, Gesa HARTWIGSEN, Philipp KELLMEYER, Volkmar GLAUCHE, Irina MADER, Stefan KLÖPPEL, Julia SUCHAN, Hans-Otto KARNATH, Cornelius WEILLER, Dorothee SAUR, 2013. Damage to ventral and dorsal language pathways in acute aphasia. In: Brain. 136(2), pp. 619-629. ISSN 0006-8950. eISSN 1460-2156

@article{Kummerer2013-02Damag-25801, title={Damage to ventral and dorsal language pathways in acute aphasia}, year={2013}, doi={10.1093/brain/aws354}, number={2}, volume={136}, issn={0006-8950}, journal={Brain}, pages={619--629}, author={Kümmerer, Dorothee and Hartwigsen, Gesa and Kellmeyer, Philipp and Glauche, Volkmar and Mader, Irina and Klöppel, Stefan and Suchan, Julia and Karnath, Hans-Otto and Weiller, Cornelius and Saur, Dorothee} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/25801"> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-01-10T12:27:23Z</dcterms:available> <dc:creator>Weiller, Cornelius</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Hartwigsen, Gesa</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Saur, Dorothee</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Weiller, Cornelius</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Karnath, Hans-Otto</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Karnath, Hans-Otto</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103605204-4002607-1"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Converging evidence from neuroimaging studies and computational modelling suggests an organization of language in a dual dorsal–ventral brain network: a dorsal stream connects temporoparietal with frontal premotor regions through the superior longitudinal and arcuate fasciculus and integrates sensorimotor processing, e.g. in repetition of speech. A ventral stream connects temporal and prefrontal regions via the extreme capsule and mediates meaning, e.g. in auditory comprehension. The aim of our study was to test, in a large sample of 100 aphasic stroke patients, how well acute impairments of repetition and comprehension correlate with lesions of either the dorsal or ventral stream. We combined voxelwise lesion-behaviour mapping with the dorsal and ventral white matter fibre tracts determined by probabilistic fibre tracking in our previous study in healthy subjects. We found that repetition impairments were mainly associated with lesions located in the posterior temporoparietal region with a statistical lesion maximum in the periventricular white matter in projection of the dorsal superior longitudinal and arcuate fasciculus. In contrast, lesions associated with comprehension deficits were found more ventral-anterior in the temporoprefrontal region with a statistical lesion maximum between the insular cortex and the putamen in projection of the ventral extreme capsule. Individual lesion overlap with the dorsal fibre tract showed a significant negative correlation with repetition performance, whereas lesion overlap with the ventral fibre tract revealed a significant negative correlation with comprehension performance. To summarize, our results from patients with acute stroke lesions support the claim that language is organized along two segregated dorsal–ventral streams. Particularly, this is the first lesion study demonstrating that task performance on auditory comprehension measures requires an interaction between temporal and prefrontal brain regions via the ventral extreme capsule pathway.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:title>Damage to ventral and dorsal language pathways in acute aphasia</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Glauche, Volkmar</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Kellmeyer, Philipp</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Kümmerer, Dorothee</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Suchan, Julia</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Mader, Irina</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2013-02</dcterms:issued> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/25801"/> <dc:contributor>Glauche, Volkmar</dc:contributor> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Suchan, Julia</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Mader, Irina</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2014-01-10T12:27:23Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Klöppel, Stefan</dc:creator> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Brain : a journal of neurology ; 136 (2013), 2. - S. 619-629</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:contributor>Hartwigsen, Gesa</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Kümmerer, Dorothee</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Kellmeyer, Philipp</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Saur, Dorothee</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Klöppel, Stefan</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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