KOPS - Das Institutionelle Repositorium der Universität Konstanz

Analyzing the microfoundations of human violence in the DRC : intrinsic and extrinsic rewards and the prediction of appetitive aggression

Analyzing the microfoundations of human violence in the DRC : intrinsic and extrinsic rewards and the prediction of appetitive aggression

Zitieren

Dateien zu dieser Ressource

Prüfsumme: MD5:6478eb5160a7f4a6120c1c02f5a2dc95

HAER, Roos, Lilli BANHOLZER, Thomas ELBERT, Roland WEIERSTALL, 2013. Analyzing the microfoundations of human violence in the DRC : intrinsic and extrinsic rewards and the prediction of appetitive aggression. In: Conflict and Health. 7(1), 11. eISSN 1752-1505

@article{Haer2013Analy-23475, title={Analyzing the microfoundations of human violence in the DRC : intrinsic and extrinsic rewards and the prediction of appetitive aggression}, year={2013}, doi={10.1186/1752-1505-7-11}, number={1}, volume={7}, journal={Conflict and Health}, author={Haer, Roos and Banholzer, Lilli and Elbert, Thomas and Weierstall, Roland}, note={Article Number: 11} }

Conflict and Health ; 7 (2013). - 11 Haer, Roos 2013 Weierstall, Roland Background<br /><br /><br />Civil wars are characterized by intense forms of violence, such as torture, maiming and rape. Political scientists suggest that this form of political violence is fostered through the provision of particular intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to combatants. In the field of psychology, the perpetration of this kind of cruelty is observed to be positively linked to appetitive aggression. Over time, combatants start to enjoy the fights and even the perpetration of atrocities. In this study, we examine how receiving rewards (intrinsic versus extrinsic) influence the level of appetitive aggression exhibited by former combatants.<br /><br /><br />Method<br /><br /><br />We surveyed 95 former combatants in the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.<br /><br /><br />Results<br /><br /><br />Linear regression analyses reveal that intrinsic as well as extrinsic rewards are linked to the former combatants’ Appetitive Aggression score. However, this relationship is partly determined by the way in which combatants are recruited: While abducted combatants seem to react more strongly to extrinsic rewards, the score of those that joined voluntarily is primarily determined by intrinsic rewards.<br /><br /><br />Conclusions<br /><br /><br />We conclude that receiving rewards influence the level of appetitive aggression. However, which type of rewards (intrinsic versus extrinsic) is of most importance is determined by the way combatants are recruited. Weierstall, Roland deposit-license Elbert, Thomas Elbert, Thomas 2013-06-07T09:08:46Z Banholzer, Lilli eng Analyzing the microfoundations of human violence in the DRC : intrinsic and extrinsic rewards and the prediction of appetitive aggression 2013-06-07T09:08:46Z Banholzer, Lilli Haer, Roos

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

Haer_234750.pdf 146

Das Dokument erscheint in:

KOPS Suche


Stöbern

Mein Benutzerkonto