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Stereospezifische Umlagerung von P-halogensubstituierten Phosphorylid-Komplexen in Phosphan-Komplexe

Stereospezifische Umlagerung von P-halogensubstituierten Phosphorylid-Komplexen in Phosphan-Komplexe

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FISCHER, Helmut, Johann SCHMID, Jürgen RIEDE, 1995. Stereospezifische Umlagerung von P-halogensubstituierten Phosphorylid-Komplexen in Phosphan-Komplexe. In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry. 491(1-2), pp. 71-81. ISSN 0022-328X

@article{Fischer1995Stere-23268, title={Stereospezifische Umlagerung von P-halogensubstituierten Phosphorylid-Komplexen in Phosphan-Komplexe}, year={1995}, doi={10.1016/0022-328X(94)05240-C}, number={1-2}, volume={491}, issn={0022-328X}, journal={Journal of Organometallic Chemistry}, pages={71--81}, author={Fischer, Helmut and Schmid, Johann and Riede, Jürgen} }

Schmid, Johann At low temperatures the benzylidene complexes (CO))<sub>5</sub>W=C(R)H (1) [R = C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub> (a), C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>4</sub>Me-p (b)] add PPhCl<sub>2</sub> at the carbene carbon to form the ylide complexes (CO)<sub>5</sub>W=C(R)H-PPhCl<sub>2</sub> (3). These isomerize at room temperature to give the phosphine complexes (CO)<sub>5</sub>W=P(Ph)Cl-C(R)(H)Cl (4). The rearrangement is stereospecific with only one diastereomer, (RS,SR)-4a and (RS,SR)-4b, respectively, being formed. In a slower succeeding reaction this diastereomer epimerizes until an equilibrium is attained [e.g. (RS,SR)4a/(RR,SS)-4a ca. 3:2].<br /><br /><br /><br />The structure of complex (RS,SR)-4b has been established by X-ray analysis. The epimerization is accelerated by free chloride. However, P-bound, rather than C-bound bromide in (CO)<sub>5</sub>W-P(Ph)Br-C(Ph)(H)Br (7) may be exchanged by chloride. Isomerization of the ylide complex 3a to the phosphine complex 4a in the presence of excess bromide leads to partial substitution of the migrating (in 4a C-bound) chloride giving (CO)<sub>5</sub>W-P(Ph)Cl-C(PH)(H)Br<br /><br /><br /><br />The ylide complexes obtained via addition of PPh<sub>2</sub>Cl, PCl<sub>3</sub>, PPhBr<sub>2</sub>, PPh<sub>2</sub>Br, PBr<sub>3 </sub>and PPh(Me)Cl to 1a also rearrange to give the corresponding phosphine complexes. The rates of isomerization of (RS,SR)- and (RR,SS)-(CO)<sub>5</sub>W-C(Ph)H-PPh(Me)Cl into (RS,SR)- and RR,SS)-(CO)5W-PPh(Me)-C(Ph)(H)Cl differ with the (RS,SR)-diastereomer rearranging faster.<br /><br /><br /><br />The stereochemical results of the isomerization studies are discussed on the basis of an intramolecular C,P-migration of (CO)<sub>5</sub>W, accompanied by dissociation of halide from phosphorus and addition to the carbon atom. The epimerization is proposed to proceed by an associative mechanism with intermediate formation of pentacoordinated phosphorus. Fischer, Helmut Fischer, Helmut Schmid, Johann 1995 deposit-license 2013-06-26T11:09:47Z Riede, Jürgen eng Riede, Jürgen Journal of Organometallic Chemistr ; 491 (1995), 1-2. - S. 71-81 2013-06-26T11:09:47Z Stereospezifische Umlagerung von P-halogensubstituierten Phosphorylid-Komplexen in Phosphan-Komplexe

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