How Wartime Violence Affects Social Cohesion : The Spatial-Temporal Gravity Model


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WEIDMANN, Nils B., Christoph ZÜRCHER, 2013. How Wartime Violence Affects Social Cohesion : The Spatial-Temporal Gravity Model. In: Civil Wars. 15(1), pp. 1-18. ISSN 1369-8249. eISSN 1743-968X. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13698249.2013.781299

@article{Weidmann2013Warti-23051, title={How Wartime Violence Affects Social Cohesion : The Spatial-Temporal Gravity Model}, year={2013}, doi={10.1080/13698249.2013.781299}, number={1}, volume={15}, issn={1369-8249}, journal={Civil Wars}, pages={1--18}, author={Weidmann, Nils B. and Zürcher, Christoph} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Civil Wars ; 15 (2013), 1. - S. 1-18</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Zürcher, Christoph</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2013-05-15T10:17:33Z</dcterms:available> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Local communities such as villages are commonly assumed to be vital partners in counterinsurgency and post-conflict reconstruction. However, the success of all policies based on this assumption depends on the level of social cohesion at the community level: communities with internal cleavages and fissures will be less effective in making external efforts a success. In this article, we study how exposure to violence during civil war affects the internal cohesion of a community. On the one hand, we could assume that exposure to a common threat strengthens social ties. On the other hand, shifting power structures in conflict regions could introduce new loyalties and cleavages at the village level, thus eroding a community’s social glue. We use data from a survey conducted in northern Afghanistan and combine it with the data on violent events from military records. Our results provide evidence for the second mechanism: exposure to violence causes villagers to diverge in their support for conflicting parties. We estimate a spatial–temporal gravity model, where spatially and temporally proximate events have the highest impact on this divergence at the village level.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:title>How Wartime Violence Affects Social Cohesion : The Spatial-Temporal Gravity Model</dcterms:title> <dcterms:issued>2013</dcterms:issued> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Zürcher, Christoph</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Weidmann, Nils B.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Weidmann, Nils B.</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2013-05-15T10:17:33Z</dc:date> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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