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Renormalization-group calculation of the superfluid/normal-fluid interface of liquid 4He in gravity near T_lambda

Renormalization-group calculation of the superfluid/normal-fluid interface of liquid 4He in gravity near T_lambda

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HAUSSMANN, Rudolf, 2012. Renormalization-group calculation of the superfluid/normal-fluid interface of liquid 4He in gravity near T_lambda. In: Physical Review B. 85(10). ISSN 1098-0121. eISSN 1095-3795

@article{Haussmann2012Renor-22024, title={Renormalization-group calculation of the superfluid/normal-fluid interface of liquid 4He in gravity near T_lambda}, year={2012}, doi={10.1103/PhysRevB.85.104518}, number={10}, volume={85}, issn={1098-0121}, journal={Physical Review B}, author={Haussmann, Rudolf} }

eng Renormalization-group calculation of the superfluid/normal-fluid interface of liquid 4He in gravity near T_lambda 2012 The superfluid/normal-fluid interface of liquid 4He is investigated in gravity on earth where a small heat current Q flows vertically upward or downward. We present a local space- and time-dependent renormalization-group (RG) calculation based on model F which describes the dynamic critical effects for temperatures T near the superfluid transition T_lambda. The model-F equations are rewritten in a dimensionless renormalized form and solved numerically as partial differential equations. Perturbative corrections are included for the spatially inhomogeneous system within a self-consistent one-loop approximation. The RG flow parameter is determined locally as a function of space and time by a constraint equation which is solved by a Newton iteration. As a result we obtain the temperature profile of the interface. Furthermore we calculate the average order parameter <psi>, the correlation length xi, the specific heat C_Q and the thermal resistivity rho_T where we observe a rounding of the critical singularity by the gravity and the heat current. We compare the thermal resistivity with an experiment and find good qualitative agreement. Moreover we discuss our previous approach for larger heat currents and the self-organized critical state and show that our theory agrees with recent experiments in this latter regime. deposit-license Haussmann, Rudolf 2013-02-27T09:26:12Z Haussmann, Rudolf 2013-02-27T09:26:12Z Physical Review B ; 85 (2012), 10. - 104518

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