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Silencing of the violaxanthin de-epoxidase gene in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum reduces diatoxanthin synthesis and non-photochemical quenching

Silencing of the violaxanthin de-epoxidase gene in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum reduces diatoxanthin synthesis and non-photochemical quenching

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LAVAUD, Johann, Arne C. MATERNA, Sabine STURM, Sascha VUGRINEC, Peter G. KROTH, 2012. Silencing of the violaxanthin de-epoxidase gene in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum reduces diatoxanthin synthesis and non-photochemical quenching. In: PLoS ONE. 7(5), e36806. eISSN 1932-6203

@article{Lavaud2012Silen-21969, title={Silencing of the violaxanthin de-epoxidase gene in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum reduces diatoxanthin synthesis and non-photochemical quenching}, year={2012}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0036806}, number={5}, volume={7}, journal={PLoS ONE}, author={Lavaud, Johann and Materna, Arne C. and Sturm, Sabine and Vugrinec, Sascha and Kroth, Peter G.}, note={Article Number: e36806} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/21969"> <dc:creator>Kroth, Peter G.</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Materna, Arne C.</dc:contributor> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Kroth, Peter G.</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Lavaud, Johann</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Lavaud, Johann</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103605204-4002607-1"/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/21969"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2013-02-27T15:35:06Z</dcterms:available> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2013-02-27T15:35:06Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Vugrinec, Sascha</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Diatoms are a major group of primary producers ubiquitous in all aquatic ecosystems. To protect themselves from photooxidative damage in a fluctuating light climate potentially punctuated with regular excess light exposures, diatoms have developed several photoprotective mechanisms. The xanthophyll cycle (XC) dependent non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching (NPQ) is one of the most important photoprotective processes that rapidly regulate photosynthesis in diatoms. NPQ depends on the conversion of diadinoxanthin (DD) into diatoxanthin (DT) by the violaxanthin de-epoxidase (VDE), also called DD de-epoxidase (DDE). To study the role of DDE in controlling NPQ, we generated transformants of P. tricornutum in which the gene (Vde/Dde) encoding for DDE was silenced. RNA interference was induced by genetic transformation of the cells with plasmids containing either short (198 bp) or long (523 bp) antisense (AS) fragments or, alternatively, with a plasmid mediating the expression of a self-complementary hairpin-like construct (inverted repeat, IR). The silencing approaches generated diatom transformants with a phenotype clearly distinguishable from wildtype (WT) cells, i.e. a lower degree as well as slower kinetics of both DD de-epoxidation and NPQ induction. Real-time PCR based quantification of Dde transcripts revealed differences in transcript levels between AS transformants and WT cells but also between AS and IR transformants, suggesting the possible presence of two different gene silencing mediating mechanisms. This was confirmed by the differential effect of the light intensity on the respective silencing efficiency of both types of transformants. The characterization of the transformants strengthened some of the specific features of the XC and NPQ and confirmed the most recent mechanistic model of the DT/NPQ relationship in diatoms.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Sturm, Sabine</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Silencing of the violaxanthin de-epoxidase gene in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum reduces diatoxanthin synthesis and non-photochemical quenching</dcterms:title> <dcterms:issued>2012</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>PLoS ONE ; 7 (2012), 5. - e36806</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:contributor>Sturm, Sabine</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Vugrinec, Sascha</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Materna, Arne C.</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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