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Oligotrophication of a large, deep lake alters food quantity and quality constraints at the primary producer-consumer interface

Oligotrophication of a large, deep lake alters food quantity and quality constraints at the primary producer-consumer interface

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HARTWICH, Melanie, Dominik MARTIN-CREUZBURG, Karl-Otto ROTHHAUPT, Alexander WACKER, 2012. Oligotrophication of a large, deep lake alters food quantity and quality constraints at the primary producer-consumer interface. In: Oikos. 121(10), pp. 1702-1712. ISSN 0030-1299. eISSN 1600-0706. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20461.x

@article{Hartwich2012Oligo-21527, title={Oligotrophication of a large, deep lake alters food quantity and quality constraints at the primary producer-consumer interface}, year={2012}, doi={10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20461.x}, number={10}, volume={121}, issn={0030-1299}, journal={Oikos}, pages={1702--1712}, author={Hartwich, Melanie and Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik and Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto and Wacker, Alexander} }

Wacker, Alexander Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto Oligotrophication of a large, deep lake alters food quantity and quality constraints at the primary producer-consumer interface eng 2012 deposit-license Oikos ; 121 (2012), 10. - S. 1702-1712 Hartwich, Melanie Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik 2013-08-14T22:25:05Z Hartwich, Melanie Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik Wacker, Alexander 2013-02-14T08:48:48Z To assess nutritional consequences associated with lake oligotrophication for aquatic consumers, we analyzed the elemental and biochemical composition of natural seston and concomitantly conducted laboratory growth experiments in which the freshwater key herbivore Daphnia was raised on natural seston of the nowadays (2008) oligotrophic Lake Constance throughout an annual cycle. Food quality mediated constraints on Daphnia performance were assessed by comparing somatic growth rates with seston characteristics (multiple regression analysis) and by manipulating the elemental and biochemical composition of natural seston experimentally (nutrient supplementation). Results were compared to similar experiments carried out previously (1997) during a mesotrophic phase of the lake. In the oligotrophic phase, particulate carbon and phosphorus concentrations were lower, fatty acid concentrations were higher, and the taxonomic composition of phytoplankton was less diverse, with a more diatom- and cryptophytes-dominated community, compared to the previous mesotrophic phase. Multiple regression analysis indicated a shift from a simultaneous limitation by food quantity<br />(in terms of carbon) and quality (i.e. α -linolenic acid) during the mesotrophic phase to a complex multiple nutrient<br />limitation mediated by food quantity, phosphorus, and omega-3 fatty acids in the following oligotrophic phase. Th e concomitant supplementation experiments also revealed seasonal changes in multiple resource limitations, i.e. the prevalent limitation by food quantity was accompanied by a simultaneous limitation by either phosphorus or omega-3 fatty acids, and thus confi rmed and complemented the multiple regression approach. Our results indicate that seasonal and annual changes in nutrient availabilities can create complex co-limitation scenarios consumers have to cope with, which consequently may also aff ect the effi ciency of energy transfer in food webs. Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto

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