Mechanistic insights into Polar Monomer insertion polymerization from Acrylamides

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FRIEDBERGER, Tobias, Philipp WUCHER, Stefan MECKING, 2012. Mechanistic insights into Polar Monomer insertion polymerization from Acrylamides. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 134(2), pp. 1010-1018. ISSN 0002-7863. eISSN 1520-5126

@article{Friedberger2012-01-18Mecha-19325, title={Mechanistic insights into Polar Monomer insertion polymerization from Acrylamides}, year={2012}, doi={10.1021/ja207110u}, number={2}, volume={134}, issn={0002-7863}, journal={Journal of the American Chemical Society}, pages={1010--1018}, author={Friedberger, Tobias and Wucher, Philipp and Mecking, Stefan} }

Mecking, Stefan eng Wucher, Philipp Wucher, Philipp Mecking, Stefan First publ. in: Journal of the American Chemical Society ; 134 (2012), 2. - pp. 1010-1018 2013-12-31T23:25:07Z Friedberger, Tobias Mechanistic insights into Polar Monomer insertion polymerization from Acrylamides deposit-license N-Isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAM), N,N-dimethyl acrylamide (DMAA), and 2-acetamidoethyl acrylate (AcAMEA) were copolymerized with ethylene employing [(P^O)PdMe(DMSO)] (1-DMSO; P^O = κ2-P,O-Ar2PC6H4SO2O with Ar = 2-MeOC6H4) as a catalyst precursor. Inhibition studies with nonpolymerizable polar additives show that reversible κ-O-coordination of free amide retards polymerization significantly. Retardation of polymerization increases in the order ethyl acetate methyl ethyl sulfone < acetonitrile < N,N-dimethylacetamide ≈ N-methylacetamide ≈ propionic acid < dimethylsulfoxide. Pseudo-first-order rate constants for the insertion into 1-DMSO were determined to increase in the order DMAA < AcAMEA < NIPAM < methyl acrylate. Exposure of 1-DMSO to NIPAM resulted in the formation of consecutive insertion products [(P^O)Pd(C6H11NO2)nMe] (n ≤ 3), as determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The solid-state structure of the methanol adduct of the 2,1-insertion product of NIPAM into 1-DMSO, [(P^O)Pd{η1-CH(CONHiPr)CH2CH3}(κ1-O-MeOD)] (2-MeOD), was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Both 2,1- and 1,2-insertions of DMAA into the Pd–Me bond of a [(P^O)PdMe] fragment occur to afford a ca. 4:1 mixture of chelates [(P^O)Pd{κ2-C,O–C(CH2CH3)C(O)NMe2}] (3) and [(P^O)Pd{κ2-C,O–CH2C(CH3)C(O)NMe2}] (4). The four-membered chelate of 3 is opened by coordination of 2,6-lutidine (3 + 2,6-lutidine 3-LUT) with ΔH° = −41.8(10.5) kJ and ΔS° = −115(37) J mol–1 K–1. 2012-05-22T09:28:46Z 2012-01-18 Friedberger, Tobias

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