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Acoustic phonons and spin relaxation in graphene nanoribbons

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DROTH, Matthias, Guido BURKARD, 2011. Acoustic phonons and spin relaxation in graphene nanoribbons. In: Physical Review B. 84(15). ISSN 1098-0121. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.155404

@article{Droth2011Acous-19164, title={Acoustic phonons and spin relaxation in graphene nanoribbons}, year={2011}, doi={10.1103/PhysRevB.84.155404}, number={15}, volume={84}, issn={1098-0121}, journal={Physical Review B}, author={Droth, Matthias and Burkard, Guido} }

Droth, Matthias Acoustic phonons and spin relaxation in graphene nanoribbons 2011 Droth, Matthias terms-of-use 2012-05-02T10:31:58Z Burkard, Guido eng Publ. in: Physical Review B ; 84 (2011), 15. - 155404 Burkard, Guido Phonons are responsible for limiting both the electron mobility and the spin relaxation time in solids and provide a mechanism for thermal transport. In view of a possible transistor function as well as spintronics applications in graphene nanoribbons, we present a theoretical study of acoustic phonons in these nanostructures. Using a two-dimensional continuum model which takes into account the monatomic thickness of graphene, we derive Hermitian wave equations and infer phonon creation and annihilation operators. We elaborate on two types of boundary configuration, which we believe can be realized in experiment: (i) fixed and (ii) free boundaries. The former leads to a gapped phonon dispersion relation, which is beneficial for high electron mobilites and long spin lifetimes. The latter exhibits an ungapped dispersion and a finite sound velocity of out-of-plane modes at the center of the Brillouin zone. In the limit of negligible boundary effects, bulklike behavior is restored. We also discuss the deformation potential, which in some cases gives the dominant contribution to the spin relaxation rate T<sub>1</sub><sup>−1</sup>. 2012-05-02T10:31:58Z

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