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Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : effects of an exercise intervention in older women

Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : effects of an exercise intervention in older women

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KLUSMANN, Verena, Andrea EVERS, Ralf SCHWARZER, Isabella HEUSER, 2012. Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : effects of an exercise intervention in older women. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 13(2), pp. 236-242. ISSN 1469-0292. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.001

@article{Klusmann2012Views-18546, title={Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : effects of an exercise intervention in older women}, year={2012}, doi={10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.001}, number={2}, volume={13}, issn={1469-0292}, journal={Psychology of Sport and Exercise}, pages={236--242}, author={Klusmann, Verena and Evers, Andrea and Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, Isabella} }

Schwarzer, Ralf Evers, Andrea Schwarzer, Ralf deposit-license 2012-02-20T15:34:34Z Publ. in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise ; 13 (2012), 2. - S. 236-242 Heuser, Isabella Klusmann, Verena Objectives: This intervention study evaluated the effects of exercise in old age on views on one’s own<br />aging and on direct approach motivation for physical activity. It further examined the mechanism<br />between these variables.<br />Design: Two hundred forty-seven healthy women aged 70 93 years were randomized to an exercise<br />course (n = 86), an active (n = 85), or a passive control group (n = 76) for a 6-month participation in<br />Berlin, Germany. Activity interventions (3 x 1.5 h/wk) were conducted using standardized manuals.<br />Method: Group differences in changes of views on aging and direct approach were evaluated by analyses<br />of covariance adjusted for baseline. A mediating effect of direct approach between exercise participation<br />and views on aging was tested with percentile-based bootstrapping.<br />Results: In contrast to both the active and the passive control groups, higher direct approach, F(2,<br />226) = 6.97, p = .001, and less aging dissatisfaction, F(2, 225) = 5.39, p = .005, were observed in the<br />exercise group after 6 months. Exercise had an indirect beneficial effect on aging dissatisfaction through<br />direct approach, B = -0.31, 95% CI = - 0.68 to - 0.05.<br />Conclusion: In women above 70 years, exercise participation increases direct approach motivation which<br />in turn leads to lower aging dissatisfaction. This shows that exercise holds the potential to overcome<br />subjective ageist bias. Heuser, Isabella Evers, Andrea Klusmann, Verena 2012 2012-02-20T15:34:34Z eng Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : effects of an exercise intervention in older women

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