PTSD, depression and anxiety among former abductees in Northern Uganda


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PFEIFFER, Anett, Thomas ELBERT, 2011. PTSD, depression and anxiety among former abductees in Northern Uganda. In: Conflict and Health. 5(1), 14. eISSN 1752-1505. Available under: doi: 10.1186/1752-1505-5-14

@article{Pfeiffer2011depre-18089, title={PTSD, depression and anxiety among former abductees in Northern Uganda}, year={2011}, doi={10.1186/1752-1505-5-14}, number={1}, volume={5}, journal={Conflict and Health}, author={Pfeiffer, Anett and Elbert, Thomas}, note={Article Number: 14} }

PTSD, depression and anxiety among former abductees in Northern Uganda Elbert, Thomas Background<br /><br />The population in Northern Uganda has been exposed to extreme levels of traumatic stress and thousands abducted forcibly became rebel combatants.<br />Methods<br /><br />Using structured interviews, the prevalence and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety was assessed in 72 former abducted adults, 62 of them being former child soldiers.<br />Results<br /><br />As retrospective reports of exposure to traumatic stress increased, anxiety and PTSD occurrence increased (r = .45). 49% of respondents were diagnosed with PTSD, 70% presented with symptoms of depression, and 59% with those of anxiety. In a multiple linear regression analysis four factors could best explain the development of PTSD symptoms: male respondents (sex) living in an IDP-Camp (location) with a kinship murdered in the war (family members killed in the war) and having experienced a high number of traumatic events (number of traumatic events) were more likely to develop symptoms of PTSD than others. In disagreement to a simple dose-response-effect though, we also observed a negative correlation between the time spent with the rebels and the PTSD symptom level.<br />Conclusions<br /><br />Former abductees continue to suffer from severe mental ill-health. Adaptation to the living condition of rebels, however, may lower trauma-related mental suffering. terms-of-use First publ. in: Conflict and Health ; 5 (2011). - 14 Pfeiffer, Anett eng 2012-02-02T16:19:02Z 2011 Pfeiffer, Anett Elbert, Thomas 2012-02-02T16:19:02Z

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