KOPS - Das Institutionelle Repositorium der Universität Konstanz

Childhood adversity, mental ill-health and aggressive behavior in an African orphanage : Changes in response to trauma-focused therapy and the implementation of a new instructional system

Childhood adversity, mental ill-health and aggressive behavior in an African orphanage : Changes in response to trauma-focused therapy and the implementation of a new instructional system

Zitieren

Dateien zu dieser Ressource

Prüfsumme: MD5:9ef1eacfa1ee42caf75cd0cf6d141db3

HERMENAU, Katharin, Tobias HECKER, Martina RUF, Elisabeth SCHAUER, Thomas ELBERT, Maggie SCHAUER, 2011. Childhood adversity, mental ill-health and aggressive behavior in an African orphanage : Changes in response to trauma-focused therapy and the implementation of a new instructional system. In: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 5(1), 29. eISSN 1753-2000. Available under: doi: 10.1186/1753-2000-5-29

@article{Hermenau2011Child-18084, title={Childhood adversity, mental ill-health and aggressive behavior in an African orphanage : Changes in response to trauma-focused therapy and the implementation of a new instructional system}, year={2011}, doi={10.1186/1753-2000-5-29}, number={1}, volume={5}, journal={Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health}, author={Hermenau, Katharin and Hecker, Tobias and Ruf, Martina and Schauer, Elisabeth and Elbert, Thomas and Schauer, Maggie}, note={Article Number: 29} }

Elbert, Thomas Elbert, Thomas Hecker, Tobias Hermenau, Katharin 2012-02-08T09:25:55Z Childhood adversity, mental ill-health and aggressive behavior in an African orphanage : Changes in response to trauma-focused therapy and the implementation of a new instructional system Schauer, Maggie BACKGROUND: The number of orphans in Sub-Saharan Africa is constantly rising. While it is known that family or community care is preferable over institutional care of African orphans, little is known about the quality of care in orphanages and possibilities of improvement. STUDY 1:<br /><br />METHODS: Exposure to traumatic stress, experiences of violence in the home, school and orphanage, as well as mental ill-health and aggression of 38 children (mean age of M = 8.64 years) living in an orphanage in rural Tanzania were assessed at two time points. The severity of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSD), depressive symptoms, and internalizing and externalizing problems were used as indicators of mental ill-health.<br /><br />RESULTS: Violence experienced in the orphanage correlated more strongly with all indicators of mental ill-health than violence in the former home, school or neighborhood at time point 1. Additionally, violence experienced in the orphanage had a positive relationship with the aggressive behavior of the children at time point 2. STUDY 2:<br /><br />METHODS: With the help of the pre-post assessment of Study 1, the implementation of a new instructional system and psychotherapeutic treatment (KIDNET) for trauma-related illness were evaluated.<br /><br />RESULTS: In response to both, a change in the instructional system and psychotherapeutic treatment of PTSD, a massive decline in experienced violence and in the severity of PTSD-symptoms was found, whereas depressive symptoms and internalizing and externalizing problems exhibited little change.<br /><br />CONCLUSIONS: These studies show that violence, especially in the orphanage, can severely contribute to mental ill-health in orphans and that mental health can be improved by implementing a new instructional system and psychotherapeutic treatment in an orphanage. Moreover, the results indicate that the experience of violence in an orphanage also plays a crucial role in aggressive behavior of the orphans. Ruf, Martina Schauer, Elisabeth 2012-02-08T09:25:55Z Schauer, Elisabeth Hermenau, Katharin eng deposit-license Schauer, Maggie Ruf, Martina First publ. in: Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health ; (2011), 5:29 2011 Hecker, Tobias

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

1753-2000-5-29--.pdf 142

Das Dokument erscheint in:

KOPS Suche


Stöbern

Mein Benutzerkonto