Compliance with the activity guidelines for children and adolescents in Germany

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JEKAUC, Darko, Alexander WOLL, Matthias WAGNER, Klaus BÖS, 2009. Compliance with the activity guidelines for children and adolescents in Germany. 14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Oslo, 24. Jun 2009 - 27. Jun 2009. In: 14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Oslo, 24.- 27. Juni 2009. 14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Oslo, 24. Jun 2009 - 27. Jun 2009

@inproceedings{Jekauc2009Compl-17351, title={Compliance with the activity guidelines for children and adolescents in Germany}, year={2009}, booktitle={14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Oslo, 24.- 27. Juni 2009}, author={Jekauc, Darko and Woll, Alexander and Wagner, Matthias and Bös, Klaus} }

Bös, Klaus Bös, Klaus Wagner, Matthias Wagner, Matthias 2012-01-17T14:45:20Z Introduction: Being physically active is an important condition for a healthy development of children and adolescents. Compared to those<br />who are inactive, physically active young people have higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, lower levels of body fat, stronger bones<br />and muscles, as well as lower anxiety and depression rates (Strong et al., 2005). For this reason, some national governments published<br />specific activity guidelines for children and adolescents. In the most recent activity guidelines from the Sport Unit of the European Commission (2008), it is recommended that children and adolescents should have 60 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily. This study represents a first survey which provides nationwide representative data for physical activity and sports in Germany.<br />Methods: The target population of the study are all children and adolescents living and registered in the Federal Republic Germany aged<br />between 4 and 17 years. The participants of the study were recruited in 167 sample points across Germany. The sample consists of 4529<br />children and adolescents who were tested in regard to physical activity, motor fitness, and health status. The measurement of the compliance<br />with the activity guidelines was conducted on the basis of the screening questionnaire by Prochaska, Sallis and Long (2001).<br />Results and Discussion: Looking at the whole sample, only 15.3% of children and adolescents aged between 4 and 17 years meet the 60min guideline. The proportion of girls (13.1%) meeting this guideline is significantly (chi2 = 14.0; df = 1; p < .001) lower than the proportion<br />of boys (17.4%). Fur-thermore, the results of this study lead to the conclusion that the proportion of children and adolescents who meet the<br />physical activity guidelines decreases with increasing age. Every third child of kindergarten age can achieve this activity guideline, however<br />in primary school the compliance with the activity guidelines is reduced to only every fifth child. With the transition to the secondary<br />school, there are less than 10% of adolescents meeting the 60-min guideline. Finally, in the age group between 14 and 17 years every<br />20th girl and every 12th boy comply with the activity guideline. These results suggest that only a small percentage of German children<br />and adolescents are sufficiently physically active und emphasise the importance of endeavours to promote physical activity and sports<br />among children and adolescents. eng Woll, Alexander 2009 Jekauc, Darko Woll, Alexander deposit-license Compliance with the activity guidelines for children and adolescents in Germany Jekauc, Darko Presented at: 14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Oslo, 24.-27. Juni 2009 2012-01-17T14:45:20Z

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