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# The matricial relaxation of a linear matrix inequality

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Publikationstyp: | Working Paper/Technical Report |

URI (zitierfähiger Link): | http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-152811 |

Autor/innen: | Helton, J. William; Klep, Igor; McCullough, Scott |

Erscheinungsjahr: | 2011 |

Schriftenreihe: | Konstanzer Schriften in Mathematik ; 284 |

Zusammenfassung: |
Given linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) L1 and L2 it is natural to ask:
(Q1) when does one dominate the other, that is, does L1(X) 0 imply L2(X) 0? (Q2) when are they mutually dominant, that is, when do they have the same solution set? The matrix cube problem of Ben-Tal and Nemirovski [B-TN02] is an example of LMI domination. Hence such problems can be NP-hard. This paper describes a natural relaxation of an LMI, based on substituting matrices for the variables xj . With this relaxation, the domination questions (Q1) and (Q2) have elegant answers, indeed reduce to constructible semide nite programs. As an example, to test the strength of this relaxation we specialize it to the matrix cube problem and obtain essentially the relaxation given in [B-TN02]. Thus our relaxation could be viewed as generalizing it. Assume there is an X such that L1(X) and L2(X) are both positive de nite, and suppose the positivity domain of L1 is bounded. For our \matrix variable" relaxation a positive answer to (Q1) is equivalent to the existence of matrices Vj such that (A1) L2(x) = V 1 L1(x)V1 + + V L1(x)V : As for (Q2) we show that L1 and L2 are mutually dominant if and only if, up to certain redundancies described in the paper, L1 and L2 are unitarily equivalent. Algebraic certi cates for positivity, such as (A1) for linear polynomials, are typically called Positivstellens atze. The paper goes on to derive a Putinar-type Positivstellensatz for polynomials with a cleaner and more powerful conclusion under the stronger hypothesis of positivity on an underlying bounded domain of the form fX j L(X) 0g: An observation at the core of the paper is that the relaxed LMI domination problem is equivalent to a classical problem. Namely, the problem of determining if a linear map from a subspace of matrices to a matrix algebra is \completely positive". Complete positivity is one of the main techniques of modern operator theory and the theory of operator algebras. On one hand it provides tools for studying LMIs and on the other hand, since completely positive maps are not so far from representations and generally are more tractable than their merely positive counterparts, the theory of completely positive maps provides perspective on the di culties in solving LMI domination problems. |

Fachgebiet (DDC): | 510 Mathematik |

Schlagwörter: | linear matrix inequality (LMI), completely positive, semide nite programming, Positivstellensatz, Gleichstellensatz, archimedean quadratic module, real algebraic geometry, free positivity |

Link zur Lizenz: | Nutzungsbedingungen |

Prüfsumme:
MD5:b10fa2389a9a2e81cd1c57a7c3d0114d

HELTON, J. William, Igor KLEP, Scott MCCULLOUGH, 2011. The matricial relaxation of a linear matrix inequality

@techreport{Helton2011matri-15281, series={Konstanzer Schriften in Mathematik}, title={The matricial relaxation of a linear matrix inequality}, year={2011}, number={284}, author={Helton, J. William and Klep, Igor and McCullough, Scott} }

284 Helton.pdf | 136 |